Articles 5, 6, and 7
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Articles 5, 6, and 7


Today we will learn about Articles 5, 6 and 7 of the Constitution. Article 5 goes over the procedure for amending the Constitution. Article 6 goes over National Supremacy and Article 7 goes over the procedure for Ratifying the Constitution. Let’s begin with Article 5. Article 5 outlines the procedures for Amending the Constitution. Amend means to change. So, an Amendment to the Constitution is a change to the Constitution. The framers of the Constitution knew they couldn’t predict every need that would arise in the future and that the Constitution would need to be changed someday so they created a step-by-step procedure for changing the Constitution and wrote it down in Article 5. There are two different methods for proposing or suggesting an amendment to the Constitution. First, two-thirds of Congress – both the House and the Senate – can vote to propose an amendment. Or secondly, Congress can call a Convention to propose an amendment if two-thirds of state legislatures request it. Method 1 has been used for all 27 amendments which means that up until now method 2 has yet to be used. There are also two methods for ratifying or approving an amendment. Frst, an amendment can be ratified by three-quarters of state legislatures or secondly, an amendment can be ratified by three-quarters of states at state conventions. Method 1 has been used for 26 of the 27 amendments which means that method 2 has been used only once. Next we’ll discuss Article 6 which details national supremacy and a few other items. First, Article 6 guarantees countries who made agreements with, or loaned money to, the old government of the United States, that the new government of the United States will still honor those agreements and pay those debts. Secondly, Article 6 includes something called the Supremacy Clause. The Supremacy Clause states that the Constitution and other laws of the United States government are the supreme law of the land. Meaning that if a state law conflicts with the national law, the national law wins. Finally, Article 6 addresses the oaths of office. Members of the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches, along with the State Legislatures, have to take oaths swearing to follow and uphold the Constitution. Lastly, we will go over Article 7 of the Constitution. Article 7 is the final article in the Constitution and it is relatively short. It goes over the procedure to ratify or approve the Constitution. At the time the Constitution was written there were only 13 states. According to Article 7 the Constitution would be put into effect when 9 of the 13 states ratified it at conventions but only in those states. The very last thing in Article 7 is a long list of signatures, 39 to be exact, of the framers who helped write the Constitution.

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