Center and State relations MCQS
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Center and State relations MCQS


hello friends welcome to UPC logix and
in this particular video we are going to have a look at the Center and state
relations, so we are going to deal with some MCQ in regards to this. and
very important chapter so without wasting any time let’s begin central governments exclusive powers are
enumerated in the? so we have been given the options of concurrent list,
federalist, stateliest and union list and the exclusive powers are stated in the
Union list. so D is the correct answer which of the following is regarded as an
essential function of the state ?so we have been asked what is the essential
function of the state so to run schools for education is one option, to maintain
good roads another option to prevent diseases is another option and to
provide defense against external attacks so if you have a look at these options
this is the most important one to provide defense against external attacks and this is one of the essential functions of the state. in addition to
the powers given in the Union and the concurrent list, the Union government has
the ? so the options given to us are none of these, residuary powers, federal powers
and power to legislate in the state list so besides the Union and the concurrent
list the Union government has residual powers that is the correct option option
B which of the following is true in respect to center state financial
relations so let us have a look at the options state can claim hundred percent
share and excise duty on goods produced in the state state cannot live income
tax amount given by center is the only source of income to
States and states can bypass Center while taking foreign loans so looking at
the options basically what is true about this is States cannot levy income tax
that is the correct option and if we look at the option if we look at the
question it says which is which of the following is true in respect to state
center financial relations so of course the states cannot live income tax it is
finalised by the center which of the following taxes is levied by the state
government only so the options are entertainment tax corporation tax well
tax and income tax so this question has of course occurred a lot of exams like
PCs exams and I think one of the years this came in the IES exams as well this
particular question so the state government tax is the entertainment tax
which is basically on movies etc so option is correct entertainment tax as a
state levied tax so Korea Commission has been appointed by the Government of
India to report on Susur carrier Commission and this was appointed by the
Government of India to report on the state centre relations so option is the
correct one the state government’s responsibility for educational planning
is shared by so Ministry of Human Resource Development Ministry of Home
Affairs Ministry of Planning Ministry of program implementation so this
particular educational planning is shared by the Ministry of Human Resource
Development option is the correct option planning in India derives its objectives
from although the Planning Commission is no longer exist and it has been taken
over by niti ioq so anyways the plan derived its objectives from the
directive principles of the state policy so option a was the correct option which
of the following features does not belong to the federal government so both
center and state governments have a coordinates status both central and
state governments derive power from the Constitution the government has two
distinct levels state government and central government state governments are
agents of the central government so guys have a guess at it and you may do guess
I would tell you the correct answer it is both central and state governments
have coordinates status that is the correct option and water the quickly
have a look it does not belong to the federal government this is the feature
that does not belong to the federal government so option is the correct
option for this which of the following taxes is exclusively and totally
assigned to the central government by the Constitution so again another
question and it is about the taxes and the question being asked is exclusively
and totally assigned to the central government by the Constitution so this
is the taxes on Railways fierce and frights so this is the correct option which all the following subjects is
included in the Union list so the options agriculture extradition gas and
gas were marriage and divorce union lists and extradition is the correct
option for this which also following is not a state in the state list under the
Constitution of India so we have we have got fisheries gambling agriculture and
insurance so the correct option is insurance this is not included in this
state list under the Constitution of India under the Constitution the
residuary power vests with the so the residuary power of this question we have
already actually covered its lies with the Union government this was formed in
another form the decidua power means so is it the power shed between the Union
in the state government’s power related to country’s External Affairs power
related to country’s internal affairs or power not included in any of the three
lists so this is basically power not included in any of the three lists this
is the residuary power the center state financial distribution takes place on
the recommendation by the the so is it done by the Finance Minister what was it
done by the Sakarya Commission Planning Commission or the Finance Commission and
this is actually done by the Finance Minister who is responsible for the
state’s inter financial distribution grant in aids of revenue of the state is
recommended by the so grant in aids and of revenue to the states so this is
being asked and this is basically done by the Finance Commission which decides
on the grant in aid of revenue to the state’s railways is a subject on the
rail is a subject on the Union list it is
related to the center and from this you know on railway budget and your general
budget have been merged together which of the following is in the concurrent
list in the Constitution of India so we have been asked and options are treasure
trove population control and family planning public health and sanitation
and capitation taxes so population control and family planning are on the
concurrent list of the Constitution of India which subject was transferred from
stateless to concurrent list by the 42nd Amendment Act of the Constitution very
important question this as question has been often been asked as well and it was
education that has been transferred from the state list to the concurrent list by
the 42nd Amendment Act of the Constitution which of the following is
contained in the concurrent list again the answer is education as it was
transferred from this state list to the concurrent list we have just answered
this question so education has been this I was done by the 42nd Amendment Act of
the Constitution grant innate provides to the states for so again a question on
Gaunt and AIDS and whether it is for improving the center state relationship
improving the development of rural areas reducing the regional imbalance
implementing various development programs and rehabilitation so basically
it is used for implementing various development programs and rehabilitation
the grant in aids option correct option is d who was the constitutional
authority to decide tax share of the state so this of course is a Finance
Commission the idea of incorporation of concurrent
list in the Indian Constitution has been borrowed from the Constitution of a very
important question of an ass and this was done from Australia from where they
incorporated the concurrent list government imposes taxes – why does the
government impose taxes whether it is go uplift weaker sections
none of these run the machinery of the state or check accumulation of wealth
among the rich of course it is done to run the machinery of the state a simple
question logic also the law passed by the state on the concurrent subjects
gets precedence over the centre law X so if the defect is passed by the state
legislature and approved by the president the majority of state
legislature Sol decides it was passed earlier as than the central law and the
Supreme Court decides so a important question when does the law pass my state
on the concurrent subject its precedence over the centre law so it was of course
if you have read the quality properly you know it was passed by the state
legislature and approved by the president so that is when it gets
precedence over the central law the state according to the Constitution
includes the so what does the state include whether it includes the local
bodies it will crave legislature or all of the above so the correct answer is of
course all of the above this option should be D but anyways so local bodies
aggregate is legislature all of them are contained in this social security and social insurance is
a subject included in the social security and social insurance these are
included in the concurrent list lottery is organized by the government of a
state comes under so these come under the stateliest again which of the
following taxes is exclusively and totally assigned to the central
government by the Constitution so whether it is the corporation tax taxes
on railway fares and pride estate duty sales tax so exclusively and totally
assigned to the central government so this one is of course corporation tax in
India both direct and indirect taxes are levied by the central and state
governments which of the following is levied by the state government so capital gains tax corporation tax custom
duties or excise duty on liquor we all know liquor cost different in different
states this is one way to understand this particular thing because of the
excise duty it the cost of liquor is different in different states and of
course the answer is excise duty on the car in which respect half the center
state relations being specifically termed as municipal relations so centers
control over the state in planning process control and state in
administrative sector state in legislative sphere stayed in financial
matters so it is basically this central controls of the state in the Legislative
sphere that is the correct option option C the zonal council discuss matters
relating to so the zonal councils discuss matters relating to whether
interstate transport economic and social planning border
disputes or all of the above and they do actually talk about
interstate transport economics so in social planning borders and disputes so
the correct option is all of the above the interstate council has been set up
under so article again article is being asked and this is article 263 under
which interstate council has been set up the president can assign any of the
functions of the union government to the state government and he can do it on his
discretion in consultation with the state government in consultation with
the Chief Justice of India or with in consultation with the government of the
state so of course he has to do it with in consultation with the government of
the state for discs here also the provisions regarding decision of taxes
between Union and the states can be suspended during financial emergency
cannot be suspended under any circumstances can be suspended only with
the consent of majority of state legislators can be suspended during
national emergency so let us have a look at the question the provisions regarding
division of taxes between Union and States so of course this can be only
suspended with the consent of majority of state legislators the correct option
is C corporation tax so question on corporation tax and we are being asked
as it is levied by the Union interrupted by States divided by Union and shared by
the Union and States livid and appropriated by the states and levied by
the Union and belongs to it exclusively so corporation tax of course belongs to
the Union and it belongs to its exclusively third option is d the
central government can give directions to the state governments with regards to
so gets in so the whether it is contract
list union let’s take list or all the lists and the correct option is although
this the central government can give directions to the state government and
because to the concurrent list Union list and say state list education which
was originally a state subject was transferred to the concurrent list by
which of the following amendments we of course have covered this question
and this was the 42nd amendment act as regards finances the Constitution has
made a distribution favorable for the states made an equal distribution
between Center and States made a distribution favorable to the
center-left the distribution to the Finance Commission so if we look at the
in case of finances the Constitution has actually made it favorable to the center
so the correct option is see agricultural income tax is assigned to
the state governments by so agriculture income tax is assigned to the state
governments by the Finance Commission in the state council Constitution of India
or the National Development Council and this has been done by the Constitution
of India so guys this brings us to the end of
this particular video on the state center relationships I hope you have
enjoyed the MCQs I’ll do further chapters like this in regards with MCQs
dealing with different subjects on the Indian polity and I hope you have
enjoyed it do like and subscribe to this channel for more videos in English in
Hindi thank you so much for watching and have a nice stay
Jai Hindi

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