EXAMEN DE CIUDADANÍA AMERICANA 2020 EN ESPAÑOL
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EXAMEN DE CIUDADANÍA AMERICANA 2020 EN ESPAÑOL


American Citizenship test study guide. Subtitles available IMPORTANT: During the test you will be required to answer6 out of 10 questions correctly in order to approve. Listen carefully to ALL the questions and answers American Government
Principles of American Democracy What is the supreme law of the land? The Constitution What does the Constitution do? sets up the government defines the government protects basic rights of Americans The idea of self-government is in the first
three words of the Constitution. What are these words? We the people What is an amendment? A change to the Constitution An addition to the Constitution What do we call the first ten amendments
to the Constitution? The Bill of Rights What is one right or freedom from
the First Amendment? Speech
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Religion Assembly Press Petition the government How many amendments does the
Constitution have? twenty-seven (27) What did the Declaration of Independence do? Announced our independence from Great Britain declared our independence from Great Britain said that the United States is free
from Great Britain What are two rights in the Declaration
of Independence? Life Liberty Pursuit of happiness What is freedom of religion? You can practice any religion, or not
practice a religion. What is the economic system in the United States? Capitalist economy Market economy What is the “rule of law”? Everyone must follow the law. Leaders must obey the law. Government must obey the law. No one is above the law. American Government
System of Government Name one branch or part of the government. Congress Legislative President Executive The courts Judicial What stops one branch of government from
becoming too powerful? Checks and balances Separation of powers Who is in charge of the executive branch? The President Who makes federal laws? Congress Senate and House of Representatives U.S. or national legislation What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress? Senate and House of Representatives How many U.S. Senators are there? One hundred (100) We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years? Six (6) Who is one of your state’s U.S.
Senators now? Answers will vary depending where you live. In the description of the video you will find
a link with this information The House of Representatives has how many
voting members? four hundred thirty-five (435) We elect a U.S. Representative for
how many years? Two (2) Name your U.S. Representative. Answers will vary depending where you live. In the description of the video you will find
a link with this information Who does a U.S. Senator represent? all people of the state Why do some states have more Representatives
than other states? Because of the state’s population Because they have more people Because some states have more people We elect a President for how many years? Four (4) In what month do we vote for President? November What is the name of the President of
the United States now? The answer will vary depending on when you
take the test In the description of the video you will find
a link with this information What is the name of the Vice President of
the United States now? The answer will vary depending on when you
take the test If the President can no longer serve,
who becomes President? The Vice President If both the President and the Vice President
can no longer serve, who becomes President? The speaker of the house Who is the Commander in Chief of the military? The President Who signs bills to become laws? The President Who vetoes bills? The President What does the President’s Cabinet do? Advises the President What are two Cabinet-level positions? Secretary of Agriculture, Secretary of Commerce,
Secretary of Defense, Secretary of Education, Secretary of Energy, Secretary of Health and Human
Services, Secretary of Homeland Security Secretary of Housing and Urban Development,
Secretary of the Interior, Secretary of Labor Secretary of State, Secretary of Transportation,
Secretary of the Treasury, Secretary of Veterans Affairs,
Attorney General, Vice President What does the judicial branch do? reviews laws, explains laws, resolves disputes, decides if a law goes against the Constitution What is the highest court in the United States? The supreme court How many justices are on the Supreme Court? The answer will vary depending on when you
take the test Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now? The answer will vary depending on when you
take the test Under our Constitution, some powers belong to
the federal government. What is one power of
the federal government?
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To print money To declare war To create an army To make treaties Under our Constitution, some powers belong
to the states. What is one power of the states? provide schooling and education provide protection (police) provide safety (fire departments) give a driver’s license approve zoning and land use Who is the Governor of your state now? The answer will vary depending on
where you live What is the capital of your state? The answer will vary depending on
where you live What are the two major political
parties in the United States? Democratic and Republican What is the political party of the President now? However, this answer might vary depending on
changes in the administration What is the name of the Speaker of the
House of Representatives now? Nancy Pelosi. Remember, this answer might vary
depending on changes in the government
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American Government
Rights and responsibilities There are four amendments to the Constitution
about who can vote. Describe one of them. Citizens eighteen (18) and older can vote. You don’t have to pay a poll tax to vote. Any citizen can vote. Women and men can vote. A male citizen of any race can vote. What is one responsibility that is only
for United States citizens? serve on a jury vote in a federal election Name one right only for United States citizens. vote in a federal election. run for federal office What are two rights of everyone living in
the United States? freedom of expression freedom of speech freedom of assembly freedom to petition the government freedom of religion the right to bear arms What do we show loyalty to when we say
the Pledge of Allegiance? the United States the flag What is one promise you make when you
become a United States citizen? give up loyalty to other countries defend the Constitution and laws
of the United States obey the laws of the United States serve in the U.S. military serve the nation be loyal to the United States

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How old do citizens have to be to
vote for President? eighteen (18) and older What are two ways that Americans can
participate in their democracy? vote join a political party help with a campaign join a civic group join a community group give an elected official your
opinion on an issue call Senators and Representatives publicly support or oppose an
issue or policy run for office write to a newspaper When is the last day you can send in
federal income tax forms? April 15 When must all men register for
the Selective Service? at age eighteen (18) between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26) American History
Colonial Period and Independence What is one reason colonists came to America? freedom political liberty religious freedom economic opportunity practice their religion escape persecution Who lived in America before the
Europeans arrived? American Indians Native Americans What group of people was taken to
America and sold as slaves? Africans people from Africa Why did the colonists fight the British? because of high taxes because the British army stayed in
their houses because they didn’t have self-government Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson When was the Declaration of Independence adopted? July 4, 1776 There were 13 original states. Name three. What happened at the Constitutional Convention? The Constitution was written. The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution. When was the Constitution written? 1787 The Federalist Papers supported the
passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers. What is one thing Benjamin Franklin
is famous for? U.S. diplomat oldest member of the Constitutional Convention first Postmaster General of the United States writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac” started the first free libraries Who is the “Father of Our Country”? George Washington Who was the first President? George Washington American History
1800 What territory did the United States
buy from France in 1803? the Louisiana Territory Louisiana Name one war fought by the United States
in the 1800s. War of 1812 Mexican-American War Civil War Spanish-American War Name the U.S. war between the North
and the South. the Civil War the War between the States Name one problem that led to the Civil War. slavery economic reasons states’ rights What was one important thing that
Abraham Lincoln did? freed the slaves saved the Union led the United States during the Civil War What did the Emancipation Proclamation do? freed the slaves freed slaves in the Confederacy freed slaves in the Confederate states freed slaves in most Southern states What did Susan B. Anthony do? fought for women’s rights fought for civil rights American History
Recent American History and Other
Important Historical Information Name one war fought by the United States
in the 1900s. World War I World War II Korean War Vietnam War Gulf War Who was President during World War I? Woodrow Wilson Who was President during the Great
Depression and World War II?? Franklin Roosevelt Who did the United States fight
in World War II?? Japan, Germany, and Italy Before he was President, Eisenhower
was a general. What war was he in? World War II During the Cold War, what was the main
concern of the United States? Communism What movement tried to end
racial discrimination? civil rights movement What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do? fought for civil rights worked for equality for all Americans What major event happened on September 11,
2001, in the United States? Terrorists attacked the United States Name one American Indian tribe in
the United States. Integrated Civics
Geography Name one of the two longest rivers in
the United States. Missouri River
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Mississippi River What ocean is on the West Coast
of the United States? Pacific Ocean What ocean is on the East Coast
of the United States? Atlantic Ocean Name one U.S. territory Puerto Rico U.S. Virgin Islands American Samoa Northern Mariana Islands Guam Name one state that borders Canada. Name one state that borders Mexico. What is the capital of the United States? Washington, D.C. Where is the Statue of Liberty? New York Harbor Liberty Island Also acceptable are New Jersey, near
New York City, and on the Hudson River Integrated Civics
Symbols Why does the flag have 13 stripes?? because there were 13 original colonies because the stripes represent the original colonies Why does the flag have 50 stars? because there is one star for each state because each star represents a state because there are 50 states What is the name of the national anthem? The Star-Spangled Banner Integrated Civics
Holidays When do we celebrate Independence Day? July 4 Name two national U.S. holidays. New Year’s Day Martin Luther King, Jr. Day Presidents’ Day Memorial Day Independence Day Labor Day Columbus Day Veterans Day Thanksgiving Christmas

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