Historical Context of the Human Rights Act 1998
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Historical Context of the Human Rights Act 1998

not until the aftermath of World War
Two and its atrocities did issues concerning civil liberties
and human rights once more gained worldwide attention at
that point there was political resolve and popular
support to have stronger monitoring and
enforcement of minimum international standards of human rights.
The United Nations was formed in 1948 and one of its first acts was the
adoption the Universal Declaration of Human
Rights, it established a fundamental set of standards for countries to follow, however the
declaration was limited in the individuals could not enforce
these rights against governments at the same time as the United Nations
declaration was being written there was a movement in europe to
identify and instituted charter a fundamental rights
and freedoms the International Committee of the
movement for european unity organized a congress in 1948 at which result there’s a body
representing different states be established with the remit to draught a
charter charter of rights this charter, based on the United
Nations Declaration was adopted as the European Convention
on Human Rights by the Council of Europe in 1950 and was ratified by the United Kingdom
in 1951 however petition by individuals to the
European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg was not allowed by the United Kingdom
government until 1966 the granting of the right individual
petition subsequently resulted in Britain
becoming one of the country’s with most cases before the court the increasing awareness of human rights
in the United Kingdom and the growth of a rights culture may have
been partly responsible for these large numbers the fact that the United Kingdom did not
have a bill or charger a bright embedded in its
constitution may also have resulted in more cases being
taken to europe because at the absence relevant
legislation to redress wrongs in this country a movement grew through the nineteen
eighties in nineteen nineties the incorporation of the European
Convention on Human Rights into domestic law and the labor party
included a promise to do this in their manifesto prior to the 1997 general election the
outcome was a white paper entitled rights
brought home the human rights bill, following the
publication of this bill the human rights act was enacted in 1998


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