House Session 2011-04-13 (18:52:07-19:58:41)
Articles,  Blog

House Session 2011-04-13 (18:52:07-19:58:41)


MAKE IT IN AMERICA, WE HAVE TO DO THIS AND CAN DO THIS IF WE
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HAVE THE RIGHT POLICIES IN PLACE.
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AND SO WITH THAT, I’M OUT OF TIME. THANK YOU VERY MUCH. I YIELD BACK. UNDER THE SPEAKER’S ANNOUNCED POLICY OF JANUARY 5, 2011, THE GENTLEMAN FROM INDIANA, MR. STUTZMAN, IS RECOGNIZED FOR 60 MINUTES AS THE DESIGNEE OF THE MAJORITY LEADER. MR. SPEAKER, I RISE TODAY TO ADDRESS A TOPIC OF ENDURING CONSEQUENCE. LAST MONTH, THE MEMBERS OF THE CONSTITUTION CAUCUS CAME TO THE FLOOR TO COMMEND LIMITED GOVERNMENT AS THE GUARDIAN OF HUMAN DIGNITY. TONIGHT, OUR DISCUSSION WOULD BE — WE WOULD LIKE TO CONTINUE THAT CONVERSATION BY DISCUSSING ONE OF THE INDISPENSIBLE PILLARS OF LIMITED GOVERNMENT. AMERICA’S GUARANTEE OF LIMITED GOVERNMENT AND BULWARK OF LIBERTY CAN BE ATTRIBUTED TO FEDERALISM. FEDERALISM IS A SUBJECT WHICH WE OFTEN FORGET HERE IN WASHINGTON, D.C. I BELIEVE THIS IS A TRAGIC IRONY BECAUSE OUR GREAT NATION IS THE BIRTHPLACE OF THIS TRULY REVOLUTIONARY CONCEPT. FEDERALISM IS NOT AN ABSTRACT PHILOSOPHY BUT A SEPARATION OF POWER, FEDERAL AND STATE GOVERNMENTS. ONE OF THE CORNERSTONES OF OUR AMERICAN EXPERIMENT IN SELF-GOVERNMENT. IT WAS UNHEARD OF BEFORE THE AMERICAN FOUNDING AND UNFORTUNATELY, IS ALL BUT FORGOTTEN TODAY. UNTIL OUR FOUNDING FATHERS DEVISED OUR UNIQUE SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT, NATIONS AROUND THE GLOBE WERE DEDICATED TO THE FAULTY IDEA THAT POWER OR SOVREIGNTY WAS INDIVISIBLE. THE GREAT WISDOM WAS TO REJECT THIS NOTION AND BUILD A ROBUST GOVERNMENT WITH A SYSTEM THAT CAREFULLY DIVIDED POWER ON TWO DIFFERENT LEVELS. YES, WE ARE MOST FAMILIAR WITH THE SEPARATION OF THREE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT, LEGISLATIVE, EXECUTIVE AND JUDICIAL, BUT TOO MANY IN WASHINGTON HAVE FORGOTTEN THERE IS ANOTHER DIVISION WITHIN GOVERNMENT, THE DIVISION BETWEEN STATES AND FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. MR. SPEAKER, WE HAVE ONE OF THE GREATEST DOCUMENTS TO GOVERN OUR COUNTRY THAT HAS EXISTED FOR OVER 200 YEARS AND HAS BEEN ONE OF THE DOCUMENTS THAT HAS GUIDED NOT ONLY SO MANY AMERICANS AND PEOPLE ACROSS THIS COUNTRY INTO PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY TO — THE ABILITY TO TAKE OPPORTUNITIES THAT WE HAVE BEEN GRANTED IN THIS COUNTRY. THE 10TH AMENDMENT SUMS UP THE STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY OF THE CONSTITUTION AND THE DUAL SOVREIGNTY OF THE FEDERAL AND STATE GOVERNMENTS. THE 10TH AMENDMENT SAYS THIS, THE POWERS NOT DELEGATED TO THE UNITED STATES BY THE CONSTITUTION, NOR PROHIBITED TO IT BY THE STATES ARE RESERVED TO THE STATES RESPECTIVELY OR TO THE PEOPLE. AS A FORMER STATE LEGISLATOR, I HAVE SEEN THIS AND BEEN VERY FRUSTRATED AT TIMES AS A STATE LEGISLATOR IN THE POWERS THAT THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT CONTINUES TO ASSUME AND IS BASICALLY OVERREACHING THE RESPONSIBILITIES AND THE POWERS OF THE STATE GOVERNMENT. FEDERALISM, AS YOU KNOW, WAS A HUGE DEBATE AND DISCUSSION AS PART OF THE FOUNDING OF OUR GREAT NATION BACK WHEN OUR FOUNDING FATHERS WERE DISCUSSING WHAT SHOULD BE IN THE CONSTITUTION. YOU HAD THE — DURING THE DEBATE OVER STATES’ RIGHTS AND FEDERALISM, THERE NEEDS TO BE A BALL BALANCE WHAT THE STATES ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR AND THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IS RESPONSIBLE FOR AND THE CONSTITUTION DEFINES THOSE RESPONSIBILITIES VERY CLEARLY. I BELIEVE IT’S VERY IMPORTANT FOR US AS CONGRESS AND CONGRESSMEN AND CONGRESSWOMEN TO REFAMILIARIZE OURSELVES WITH THE — WITH OUR CONSTITUTION AND REALIZE THAT THE BOUNDARIES THAT HAVE BEEN LAID OUT BY OUR FOUNDING FATHERS ARE WELL-DEFINED. AND THE INTENT AND THE VISION THAT WAS LAID OUT IS ONE THAT IS STILL APPLICABLE TO TODAY. AND I BELIEVE THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT CONTINUES TO OVERREACH THOSE BOUNDARIES, WHETHER IT’S MASSIVE SPENDING, WHETHER IT’S AN OVERREACH — THE HEALTH CARE BILL THAT JUST PASSED LAST YEAR, WHETHER IT’S THE STIMULUS PACKAGE WHICH THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IS ASSUMING THE RESPONSIBILITY TO STIMULATE OUR ECONOMY RATHER THAN TRUSTING IN THE AMERICAN PEOPLE. IT DOES NOT ADD ANYTHING TO THE CONSTITUTION THAT WAS NOT ALREADY THERE IN ITS STRUCTURE, BUT MAKING THE PRINCIPLE OF FEDERALISM MORE EXPLICIT, THE 10TH AMENDMENT UNDERSCORES THE IMPORTANCE OF FEDERALISM. TO SEE IT SUCCEED, WE MUST HOLD FAITH IN THE INTEGRITY OF THE CONSTITUTION. A LIVING DOCUMENT IS AN EMPTY VESSEL AND THEY MAKE IT A BLANK SLATE FOR THE TRENDS. AS JAMES MADISON WROTE IN FEDERALIST NUMBER 45, THE POWERS DELEGATED BY THE PROPOSED
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CONSTITUTION ARE FEW AND DEFINED. THOSE WHICH ARE TO REMAIN IN THE STATE GOVERNMENTS ARE NUMEROUS AND INDEFINITE. SO, MR. SPEAKER, AS I WOULD LIKE TO READ AGAIN THE 10TH AMENDMENT OF OUR CONSTITUTION, THE POWERS NOT DELEGATED TO THE CONSTITUTION ARERY SERVED TO THE STATES AND TO THE PEOPLE. I SUBMIT TO YOU, MANY OF THE PROGRAMS THAT THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT CURRENTLY NOT ONLY OPERATES, BUT ALSO IS PROPOSING UNDER SEVERAL DIFFERENT BILLS OVER THE PAST SEVERAL YEARS REALLY ARE OVERREACHING INTO THE STATE GOVERNMENTS’ RESPONSIBILITIES AND INTO WHAT THEY ARE FULLY CAPABLE OF DOING. MANY TIMES, THE FRUSTRATION THAT WE HAD OF DEALING WITH MEDICAID, AND THE MANDATES THAT WERE HANDED DOWN TO THE STATES WERE TYING THE HANDS OF OUR STATE GOVERNMENTS. COMING FROM THE STATE OF INDIANA, I’M VERY PROUD OF THE FACT WHAT HAS BEEN ACCOMPLISHED BECAUSE OF THOSE WHO RESPECT NOT ONLY THE SIMPLE ECONOMICS OF BALANCING BUDGETS AND REALIZING THAT YOU CAN’T SPEND MORE MONEY THAN WHAT YOU HAVE, AS A MEMBER OF THE INDIANA HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES IN 2005, I WORKED WITH OUR GOVERNOR AND OUR SENATE TO SEE THAT INDIANA PASSED ITS FIRST BALANCED BUDGET IN EIGHT YEARS. AS MANY OF YOU — AS WE HAVE DISCUSSED REPEATEDLY HERE IN CONGRESS ALREADY IS WHAT ABOUT BALANCED BUDGETS, WHAT ABOUT THE RESPONSIBILITY OF MAKING SURE THAT WE DO NOT SPEND MORE MONEY THAN WHAT WE HAVE. OUR FEDERAL GOVERNMENT JUST CLOSED ITS BUDGET WITH A $1.5 TRILLION DEFICIT. AND THAT’S HARD TO IMAGINE THAT WE COULD ACTUALLY SPEND THAT MUCH MORE MONEY THAN WHAT WE TAKE IN. ANY HOOSIER FAMILY KNOWS ONCE THAT LINE IN THE BOTTOM OF THE CHECKBOOK HITS RED, THERE IS A PROBLEM, AND WE NEED TO RE-EVALUATE WHAT WE ARE DOING IN OUR SPENDING AND OUR INCOME. EITHER YOU CUT SPENDING OR YOU START INCREASING YOUR INCOME. AND AS WE ALL KNOW WITH THE DIFFICULT ECONOMIC TIMES THAT WE’RE IN, INCREASING INCOME IS NOT ALWAYS AS EASY AS WE WOULD LIKE IT TO BE. WHAT WE NEED TO DO IS CONTROL WHAT WE CAN CONTROL, AND THAT IS
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. THE SPENDING. TODAY INDIANA IS IN THE BLACK AND IS HOME TO THE FEWEST STATE EMPLOYEES PER CAPITA IN THE UNITED STATES. I BELIEVE THE INITIATIVE WAS TAKEN WHEN TIMES WERE DIFFICULT AND REALIZING THAT WE WERE FALLING ON TOUGH ECONOMIC TIMES. AS WE MOVE FORWARD IN THIS CONGRESS, I THINK WE NEED TO TAKE THE SAME PRINCIPLES AND VALUES THAT STATES HAVE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS HAVE AND FAMILIES AND BUSINESSES WHO ALL REALIZE YOU CANNOT CONTINUE TO SPEND MORE MONEY THAN YOU’RE TAKING IN. PROGRESSIVISM IS THE GREATEST FORM OF FEDERALISM. IT’S GOTH OF, BY, AND FOR THE EXPERTS, FEDERALISM BELIEVES IN GOVERNMENT OF, BY, AN FOR THE PEOPLE AND THEIR UNIQUE COMMUNITIES. AGAIN, HERE I WOULD ARGUE THAT COMMUNITIES AND PEOPLE ARE MUCH MORE CAPABLE BECAUSE THEY KNOW THERE ARE PARTICULAR CIRCUMSTANCES IN HOW THEY ARE TO MANAGE NOT ONLY THEIR OWN DOLLARS BUT THEIR OWN LIVES. WHETHER IT’S EDUCATION OR WHETHER IT’S BEING INVOLVED IN THEIR CHURCH, GIVING TO THEIR CHURCH OR CHARITY GROUPS. BUT INSTEAD WE’RE SEEING A GOVERNMENT THAT CONTINUES TO INTRUDE IN TAKING MORE AND MORE OF THOSE RESPONSIBILITIES BUT ALSO THE RIGHTS THAT WE ALL HAVE AS CITIZENS, IN TAKING THOSE AWAY FROM AMERICANS AND TAKING THEM TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND WE ALL KNOW THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IS NEVER CAPABLE OF FULLY MEETING THE NEEDS THAT EVERY INDIVIDUAL HAS IN OUR COUNTRY. PROGRESSIVISM ENDS UP ELEVATING UNELECTED EXPERTS TO RULE OVER THE ENTIRE NATION. RULES PROMULGATED BY AN ALPHABET SOUP OF AGENCIES CHOKE OUT REPRESENTATIVE GOVERNMENT AN CONGRESS CALLS HEARINGS TO SLOW THEM DOWN. WE’RE SEEING THAT REPEATEDLY, MR. SPEAKER, WITH HEARINGS WE ARE HAVING CURRENTLY IN OUR COMMITTEES AND ASKING QUESTIONS OF THE BUREAUCRACIES ON THE RULE MAKING DECISIONS THAT THEY ARE MAKING EVERY DAY. IT CONTINUES TO CHOKE OUT NOT ONLY OUR FREEDOMS AND OPPORTUNITIES THAT WE ENJOY AS AMERICANS WHETHER IT’S IN BUSINESS OR AS INDIVIDUALS, BUT ALSO IT IS — THE BUREAUCRACIES ARE BECOMING MUCH MORE POWERFUL. NOW THAT THE CONGRESS IS NOT PASSING OVERREACHING LEGISLATION, WE’RE SEEING THE BUREAUCRACIES TAKING ON THAT ROLE. I BELIEVE THAT IT IS CRUCIAL FOR US AS AMERICAN IT IS STEP FORWARD AND TO REMIND OURSELVES WHAT OUR FEDERAL GOVERNMENT’S RESPONSEABILITIES ARE AND THE CONSTITUTION CLEARLY DEFINES THOSE RESPONSIBILITIES. I BELIEVE IT’S IMPORTANT THAT WE ALL BECOME MORE FAMILIAR AGAIN WITH OUR CONSTITUTION AND WITH THE RESPONSIBILITIES THAT THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IS RESPONSIBLE FOR. LIKEWISE, FEDERALISM TODAY SHOULD NOT BE CONFUSED WITH NULLIFICATION OR THE IDEA OF SECESSION. FEDERALISM MUST BE REVIVED SO THAT THE RIGHTS OF CITIZENS MIGHT BE UPHELD AND THEIR DUTIES FULFILLED. FEDERALCISM THE PROTECTOR OF LIFE, LIBERTY AND THE PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS. I CAN ONLY IMAGINE AT THE TIME AS OUR FOUNDING FATHERS WERE DEBATING, CREATING A FEDERAL GOVERNMENT WITH THE STATE GOVERNMENTS THEY HAD AT THE TIME, THEY NEVER IMAGINED THAT THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT WOULD BECOME AS LARGE AND BUREAUCRATIC AND BLOATED AND IRRESPONSIBLE AS IT IS TODAY. WHEN THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT EXERCISES CONTROL OVER HEALTH CARE, WELFARE, HOUSING, UNEMPLOYMENT, AND EVEN THE SO-CALLED STIMULUS OF OUR ECONOMY THERE IS LESS INCENTIVE FOR SINTS TO ACT WITHIN THEIR COMMUNITIES AND STATES TO FULFILL THE DUTIES THEY ONCE ASSUMED. CIVIC VIRTUE SUFFERS AS POWER FLOWS TO WASHINGTON, D.C. ORDINARY AMERICANS ARE NEGLECTED IN THIS TOP-DOWN SOLUTION. MANY ARGUE THAT WASHINGTON KNOWS BETTER, THAT BUREAUCRATS KNOW BETTER, THAT THE EXPERTS KNOW BETTER. BUT I KNOW GROWING UP AS A SON OF A FARMER IN NORTHERN INDIANA THAT MY PARENTS, MY GRANDPARENTS, THEY ALL KNEW WHAT WAS IMPORTANT FOR OUR FAMILY. THEY KNEW WHAT WAS IMPORTANT TO OUR COMMUNITY, WHETHER IT WAS BEING INVOLVED IN OUR SCHOOL, WHETHER IT WAS BEING INVOLVED IN OUR CHURCH COMMUNITY, WHETHER IT WAS BEING INVOLVED IN OUR LOCAL ECONOMY, OUR GOVERNMENT PROCESS. FAMILIES AND INDIVIDUALS CAN MAKE THOSE DECISIONS, WHAT’S IMPORTANT, AND MAKE THOSE PRIORITIES, PASS THOSE PRIORITIES ON TO THEIR FAMILIES. I BELIEVE THAT WHAT’S HAPPENING TODAY IN OUR COUNTRY IS THAT WE’RE SEEING LESS AND LESS, NOT ONLY INTEREST BUT ALSO RESPONSIBILITY IS NOW BEING
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ASSUMED BY OUR FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. BECAUSE IT CONTINUES TO OVERREACH AND TO CONTINUE TO TAKE AWAY THE RESPONSIBILITIES OF LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, WHETHER IT’S A SCHOOL BOARD, WHO WOULD MAKE MUCH BETTER DECISIONS FOR THEIR LOCAL COMMUNITY AND THEIR SCHOOL, WHETHER IT’S A COUNTY COUNCIL THAT KNOWS THE
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CHALLENGES THAT THEY HAVE WITH THEIR COUNTIES. I KNOW FOR US, WE HAVE A LOT OF LAKES AND RIVERS, A LOT OF SANDY SOIL, SEWER SYSTEMS THAT NEED TO BE BUILT TO KEEP OUR ENVIRONMENT CLEAN AND BETTER FOR OUR CHILDREN AND GRANDCHILDREN AS WE PASS ON THE RESOURCES THAT WE HAVE. AND WE’RE STARTING TO HAVE OUR HANDS TIED, MORE AND MORE, BECAUSE OF THE WASHINGTON — BECAUSE OF REGULATIONS COMING FROM WASHINGTON, D.C. I BELIEVE THAT THAT IS WHAT OUR FOUNDING FATHERS INTENDED. THEY BELIEVED IN ORDINARY CITIZENS MAKING EXTRAORDINARY DECISIONS FOR THEIR COMMUNITIES AND THAT THE STRUCTURE OF OUR CONSTITUTION PROTECTED THAT. IN SHORT CLOSING HERE, AS I WANT TO TURN IT OVER TO MY COLLEAGUES, I WOULD WARN THOSE WHO ARE IN CONGRESS THAT WE THINK OURSELVES TOO WISE IF WE BELIEVE THAT FEDERALISM ESPOUSED IN OUR FOUNDING DOCUMENTS IS AN ANTIQUATED RELIC OF THE PAST.
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FALLEN MEN. GOVERNMENTS ARE THE PRODUCTS OF HUMAN NATURE IS THE SAME TODAY AS IT WAS IN 1787 WHEN THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT GROWS BEYOND ITS ORIGINAL PURPOSE, WHEN IT GREEDILY CLAIMS POWER BELONGING TO STATES AND LOCAL COMMUNITIES, IT ARROGANTLY ASSUMES THAT 535 FEDERAL LEGISLATORS AND HORDES OF BUREAUCRATS CAN DIRECT WITH PERFECT CLARITY THE LIVES OF OVER 300 MILLION AMERICANS. I’D BE AMISS TO CLAIM I KNOW THE DAILY CONCERNS OF BUCKEYES OR THOSE FROM TEXAS OR OKLAHOMA OR CALIFORNIA. BUT I KNOW HOOSIERS BECAUSE I AM ONE. I KNOW AND BELIEVE THESE SIMPLE TRUTHS, THE RICH DIVERSITY OF OUR NATION’S 50 STATES IMPELS US TO GREATNESS. THERE ARE LEGITIMATE CONCERNS WHICH MUST BE ABE DRESSED BY A WELL BALANCED FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. YET, THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT OUGHT TO DEFER TO THE STATES IN THOSE MATTERS THAT THE STATES ARE BEST PREPARED FOR. THANK YOU FOR THE TIME, MR. SPEAKER, AND AT THIS TIME I’D LIKE TO WREELED TO MY COLLEAGUE, THE GENTLEMAN FROM NEW JERSEY, MR. GARRETT. I THANK THE GENTLEMAN FROM INDIANA. FIRST OF ALL, FIRST AN FOREMOST, THANK YOU FOR LEADING THIS CAUCUS TONIGHT AND LEADING THIS SPECIAL ORDER ON TONIGHT AS WE SPEAK ABOUT FEDERALISM AS A SAFEGUARD OF LIMITED GOVERNMENT. SO WE COME HERE TONIGHT TO DISCUSS THAT AND THINK ABOUT IT IN THE LARGER SENSE, TO DISCUSS BASICALLY THE REVOLUTIONARY PRINCIPLES THAT FEDERALISM IS AND ITS CRITICAL ROLE IN OUR SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT THAT MAKES INDIVIDUAL LIBERTIES POSSIBLE IN THIS COUNTRY. THE FOUNDER OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL CAUCUS, I WELCOME A PUBLIC DISCUSSION ON FEDERALISM TONIGHT, IT’S SUCH A CRUCIAL DISCUSSION, A DISCUSSION OF FEDERALISM AND THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT IN OUR LIVES AND IT LIES AT THE HEART OF THE AMERICAN SOCIAL CONTRACT BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT AND THE PEOPLE. IT’S FEDERALISM THAT KEEPS THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT BASICALLY WITHIN ITS PROPER BOUNDARIES. OSO IT IS CRUCIAL TO AN UNDERSTANDING OF THE AMERICAN COMMITMENT TO LIBERTY AND TO FREEDOM AND HOW WELL IT WILL SAFEGUARD THIS GENERATION AND FUTURE GENERATIONS AS WELL. WHILE WE THINK ABOUT THESE TOPICS IT’S EASY TO TAKE FOR GRANTED OUR FEDERAL SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT AND THE FREEDOM IT AFORWARDS ALL OF US BUT SUCH A SYSTEM IS BY NO MEANS PREORDAINED. IF YOU GO BACK 200-PLUS YEARS, ORDINARY COLONISTS ARMED WITH THE DESIRE TO BE FREE REBELED AGAINST THE WORLD’S MIGHTIEST EMPIRE TO OBTAIN INDEPENDENCE FROM AN OBTRUSIVE, OVERCENTRALIZED AND FAR-AWAY GOVERNMENT. WHAT WAS IN ITS PLACE? IN ITS PLACE OUR FOUNDERS ESTABLISHED FOR THE FIRST TIME IN HISTORY A NATIONAL GOVERNMENT OF DEFINED AND ENUMERATED POWERS THAT IS BASICALLY PROHIBITED FROM OVERSTEPPING ITS CONFINED JURES DIXES. SO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT’S POWERS WERE TO BE TRULY NATIONAL IN SCOPE AND THE FOUNDERS BELIEVED THAT BECAUSE STATES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS OPERATED CLOSEST TO CITIZENS, ELECTED OFFICIALS WHO WERE AT THAT LOWER LEVEL, LOCAL LEVEL, WOULD THEN BE THE ONES MOST COMPETENT TO MAKE LAWS THAT WOULD GOVERN DAILY LIVES. THIS WAS A MESSAGE ESPOUSED BY JAMES MATSON IN FEDERAL NUMBER 45, HE WROTE BACK THEN, AND I QUOTE, THAT THE POWERS DELEGATED BY THE PROPOSED CONSTITUTION TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT ARE FEW AND THEY’RE DEFINED. THOSE WHICH REMAIN IN THE STATES, HOWEVER, IN THE STATE GOVERNMENTS, ARE NUMEROUS AND INDEAF FIT — INDEFINITE. YOU ESTABLISH THIS DUAL SOLVE REPITY, SOVEREIGNTY OF FEDERAL AND STATE GOVERNMENTS, IT’S ESTABLISHED IN OUR BILL OF RIGHTS, THE POWER IS NOT DELEGATED TO THE UNITED STATES BY THE CONSTITUTION NOR PROHIBITED TO IT BY THE STATES ARE RESERVED TO THE STATES RESPECTIVELY OR TO THE PEOPLE. AND SO THE BEAUTY OF THE 10TH AMENDMENT IS NOT AT FIRST EASILY RECOGNIZABLE. SOME WOULD SAY ON FIRST BLUSH THAT THE 10TH AMENDMENT IS REDUNDANT. THEY’D SAY IT OFFERS NOTHING NEW TO WHAT HAS BEEN WRITTEN INTO THE CONSTITUTION. IT IS THE LITTLED POWERS OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT ARTICULATED THROUGHOUT THE THREE SECTIONS OF THE CONSTITUTION. IN FACT, HOWEVER, THE FOUNDERS LOOKING AT THE BILL OF RIGHTS INITIALLY BELIEVED THEY WERE NOT NECESSARY. ACTUALLY, THEY COULD BE SEEN AS
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POTENTIALLY DANGEROUS. WHY WAS THIS? BOTH THE FEDERALISTS AND ANTI-FEDERALISTS UNDERSTOOD THAT THE BILL OF RIGHTS LIMITED THE POWERS OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. BUT THE PERCEIVED DANGER HERE OF THE BILL OF RIGHTS LAY, WHERE? AT THE POTENTIAL FOR MISUNDERSTANDING BY FUTURE GENERATIONS. THIS MISUNDERSTANDING COMES ABOUT BY THIS. BY FORBIDDING THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT FROM ACTING IN CERTAIN AREAS WHICH IS WHAT THE BILL OF RIGHTS WOULD DO, IT WAS ARGUED THAT THE CONSTITUTION IMPLIED THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT COULD, WHAT? COULD ACT IN ALL OTHER AREAS IT WAS NOT PROHIBITED FROM ENGAGING IN. BUT THE 10TH AMENDMENT MAKES CLEAR THAT THE CONSTITUTION IMPLIES NO IM– PROVIDES NO
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GOVERNMENT. IMPLIED POWERS TO THE FEDERAL SO IT IS HERE WE SEE IT FOR WHAT IT IS, IT IS THE
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CONSTITUTION. CORNERSTONE OF THE THE MOST EFFECTIVE TOOL FOR THE PRESERVATION OF THIS, OUR LIBERTY. SO THE 10TH AMENDMENT AS A FINAL AMENDMENT IN THE BILL OF
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ACCIDENT. RIGHTS IS THEREFORE NO RATHER, AS ONE MIGHT SAY, IT IS THE CULMINATION, THE CULMINATION OF THE FOUNDERS’ VISION OF AMERICA’S DEMOCRACY. IT REAFFIRMS A COMMITMENT TO A GOVERNMENT STRICTLY DEFINED AND WITH THOSE LIMITED POWERS. IT IS THIS INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF ARMOR, IF YOU WILL, OF LIBERTY AND THE PERPETUAL STRUGGLE AGAINST THIS FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. THIS AMENDMENT IS IN SHORT THE REALIZATION OF THE PRINCIPLES OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION. SO WE ARE AS IT COMES TO THE FLOOR TONIGHT AND EVERY ANY TAI HERE IN THE CONGRESS, WE ARE HEIRS TO WITH THAT RESOLUTION. TODAY, AMERICA SEEMS TO HAVE SURRENDERED SOME OF ITS BIRTH RIGHT. THE SCOPE AN REACH OAF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IS GROWING AT A DISTURBING PLACE. THE INCESSANT EXPANSION OF — EEXPANSION OF GOVERNMENT LED TO RESCUING THE AUTO INDUSTRY AND THE BANKING INDUSTRY AND RATIONING OF AMERICA’S ECONOMIC PRODUCTIVITY. THE TENTACLES OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IF YOU WILL ARE TIGHTLY WRAPPED AROUND HOUSING, EDUCATION, TRANSPORTATION, UNEMPLOYMENT POLICY, YOU NAME IT, IN ALMOST EVERY ASPECT OF OUR LIVES. THE AMERICAN PEOPLE ARE CONTROLLED BY THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND ALMOST EVERY SINGLE ASPECT OF YOUR LIFE FROM MORNING TO EVENING FRSH WHAT LIGHT BULBS WE ARE ALLOWED TO BUY, WHAT HEALTH CARE WE ARE ALLOWED TO BUY, ALL REQUIRED UNDER REGULATIONS OF THE INSTITUTION. TODAY IS THE 268TH BIRTHDAY OF THOMAS JEFFERSON. IF HE WAS ALYE TODAY I DOUBT HE’D RECOGNIZE THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AS ONE THAT’S REMAINED TRUE TO THE REVOLUTIONARY FOUNDERS OF THIS CUPRY. RATHER, I WOULD IMAGINE HE WOULD SEE A CENTRALIZED AND BUREAUCRATIC FORM OF GOVERNMENT THAT RESEMBLES THE ONE HE AND HE REST — HE AND THE REST OF THE FOUNDING FATHER REBELLED AGAINST. THAT’S WHAT THE CONSTITUTION, THE AMENDMENTS TO IT AND OTHER PAPERS WERE MEANT TO PREVENT. OUT OF CONTROL SPENING MAY BE THE CLEAREST SIGN OF WHERE WE ARE TODAY, THAT WE HAVE NEGLECTED THE PINS PLS OF FEDERALISM. WHAT IT’S DONE IS RESULTED IN THE UNPRECEDENTED AND UNSUSTAINABLE LEVEL OF FUNDING THAT JEOPARDIZES THE VERY ECONOMIC WELL BEING OF THE UNITED STATES OF. OUR CURRENT PATH THEREFORE THREATENS THE AMERICAN STANDARD OF LIVING AND OUR PROSPERITY, THE AMERICAN DREAM AND THE AMERICAN STATUS AS A SUPERPOWER. BY NATIONALIZING EVERY ISSUE WHAT WE DO IS WE DEPRIVE THE AMERICAN PEOPLE OF THE BENEFITS
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NORMALLY BRING. THAT THANK FEDERALISM WOULD THE FOUNDERS INTENDED THAT THE STATES TO SERVE, AS OFTEN WERE CALLED, THE LABORATORIES OF DEMOCRACY, WHICH WOULD COMPEL THE STATES TO COMPETE AGAINST EACH OTHER, TO ATHRACT INDIVIDUALS AND BUSINESSES, IF YOU WILL, AND THIS COMPETITION WOULD RESULT IN INNOVATIONS AND INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONSES, GREATER ACCOUNTABILITY AND TRANSPARENCY, PUBLIC SERVANTS AND THIS DIFFUSION OF POWERS THAT LIMITS THE REACH OF THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT. SO, FEDERALISM, IT’S THE CONSTITUTIONAL GUARANTEE OF THAT GOOD GOVERNMENT. SO WE COME HERE TONIGHT, WE MUST RENEW OUR COMMITMENT TO FEDERALISM, TO THE CONSTITUTION, AND BY ALLOWING THIS, OUR CONSTITUTION, TO BE INTERPRETED BY THE WHIMS OF THE JUDICIAL AND EXECUTIVE BRANCH WE HAVE UNDERMINED THE STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY OF THIS DOCUMENT. AS WELL AS THE SAFEGUARDS OF LIMITED GOVERNMENT. SO, MEMBERS OF THIS BODY AT THE BEGINNING OF THE YEAR TAKE AN OATH TO DO WHAT? BASICALLY TO SUPPORT AND DEFEND THIS CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES. SO WE OWE IT TO THE PEOPLE THAT WE REPRESENT TO REMAIN TRUE TO THAT OATH, RESTORING ADHERENCE TO FEDERALISM MUST BEGIN WHERE? RIGHT HERE IN THIS CHAMBER. SO I HOPE THAT MY COLLEAGUES WILL JOIN ME AS I DO KNOW THE MEMBERS ARE HERE WITH ME TONIGHT IN RE-EMBRACING THIS IDEA AND
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FEDERALISM. THIS NOTION AND THIS PRACTICE OF
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ONE WITH OF THE GREAT PILLARS OF THE AMERICAN FOUNDING PRINCIPLES. AND WITH THAT I YIELD BACK TO THE GENTLEMAN FROM INDIANA. THANK YOU, MR. GARRETT. AT THIS TIME I’D LIKE TO YIELD TO THE GENTLEMAN FROM COLORADO’S FOURTH DISTRICT, MR. GARDNER. THANK YOU TO THE GENTLEMAN FROM INDIANA FOR YIELDING AND, MR. SPEAKER, THANK YOU. I’M HERE TONIGHT TO TALK ABOUT THE PROPER RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND STATES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS. THIS ISSUE OF FEDERALISM, OUR NATION’S FOUNDING DOCUMENTS. WHEN I WAS FIRST ELECTED I EMBARKED ON A LISTENING TOUR RIGHT AFTER NOVEMBER 2 DURING WHICH I MET WITH LOCAL OFFICIALS FROM ACROSS MY DISTRICT TO TALK ABOUT ISSUES THAT THEY WERE CONCERNED ABOUT, WHAT WAS ON THEIR MIND, WHAT THALINGS THEY WERE FACING IN THEIR OFFICE — WHAT CHALLENGES THEY WERE FACING AT THEIR OFFICE. AT EACH STOP LOCAL LEADERS
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TALKED ABOUT THE PROBLEMS FACING THEIR COMMUNITIES. AND EVEN THOUGH EVERY COUNTY IS DIFFERENT, EVERY COMMUNITY IS DIFFERENT, THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT SEEMED TO CAUSE THE SAME PROBLEMS IN EACH ONE WITH OF THEM. IN ONE COUNTY IN MY DISTRICT I WAS TOLD A STORY BY A COUNTY COMMISSIONER OF THE TIME THAT THE COMMISSIONER ASKED HIS STAFF TO COUNT ALL OF THE FEDERAL AND STATE MANDATES THAT THEY PLACED UPON THEIR HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES DEPARTMENT AT THE COUNTY. TO COUNT UP THE MANDATES THAT THEY WERE UNDER FROM NATIONAL, STATE REGULATORS, CONGRESS, STATE LEGISLATION, STATE LEGISLATURES. THE COUNTY COMMISSIONER ACTUALLY ASKED THEIR STAFFER TO QUIT COUNTING WHEN THEY REACHED 9,000 INDIVIDUAL MANDATES THAT THAT ONE DEPARTMENT AT THE COUNTY LEVEL WAS UNDER. ON THIS LISTENING TOUR AND SINCE THEN, SINCE BEING SWORN IN ON JANUARY 5, AT THE TOWN MEET THAGS WE HAVE HELD IT NEVER CEASES TO AMAZE ME THAT ONE OF THE STRONGEST MOMENTS OF BRINGING APPLAUSE TO THE TOWN MEETING IS WHEN WE TALK ABOUT WHAT HAPPENED ON THIS FLOOR, WHEN WE FIRST STARTED THE 112TH CONGRESS. THE TIME WHEN WE READ BOTH DEMOCRATS AND REPUBLICANS THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES BEFORE THE AMERICAN PEOPLE RIGHT HERE ON THE U.S. HOUSE FLOOR. WHEN I TALK ABOUT HOW WE JOINED TOGETHER READING THE CONSTITUTION PEOPLE ALWAYS APPLAUSE BECAUSE IT MATTERS TO THEM, BECAUSE THEY BELIEVE THIS COUNTRY CONTINUES TO BE GUIDED BY THAT MOST FUNDAMENTAL DOCUMENT OF OUR COUNTRY. THOSE 9,000 RULES, THOUGH, THAT THAT COUNTY COMMISSIONER WAS TALKING ABOUT WERE CREATED BY
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DON’T UNDERSTAND THE PROBLEMS FEDERAL, STATE REGULATORS WHO THAT EACH OF OUR UNIQUE DISTRICT FACES. BECAUSE THEY’VE NEVER BEEN THERE THEY DON’T KNOW WHAT IT’S LIKE, THEY DON’T UNDERSTAND THAT EACH COUNTY, EACH CITY, EACH SCHOOL BOARD KNOWS HOW TO GOVERN THEIR JURISDICTION BETTER THAN ANYONE IN WASHINGTON EVER COULD. AND THEY DO NOT UNDERSTAND THAT AN UNFUNDED MANDATE IMPOSED ON THE ENTIRE COUNTRY DOES NOT WORK. EACH STATE AND COUNTY IN THIS COUNTRY IS UNIQUE AND OFTEN HAS FAR BETTER SOLUTIONS THAN THE PEOPLE HERE IN WASHINGTON, D.C., CANDY VICE. THE FOUNDING FATHERS UNDERSTOOD THIS — CAN DEVICE. THE FOUNDING FATHERS UNDERSTOOD THIS VERY WELL AND THEY FOCUSED ON PUTTING POWER CLOSER TO THE PEOPLE. OUR FEDERALIST SYSTEM SERVED AND HAS LONG SERVED AS THE SAFEGUARD OF LIMITED GOVERNMENT. I’LL NEVER FORGET AS A STATE — IN THE STATE LEGISLATURE, AS A STATE LEGISLATOR IN COLORADO, THE TIME THAT I RECEIVED A CALL
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FROM A CABINET MEMBER DURING THE PREVIOUS ADMINISTRATION URGING ME TO VOTE FOR A PARTICULAR PIECE OF LEGISLATION BECAUSE THERE WAS FEDERAL MONEY INVOLVED AND THE ONLY WAY THAT COLORADO WOULD RECEIVE THIS FEDERAL FUNDING WAS IF WE PASSED A BILL THAT THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT WANTED, THAT THEY WERE DANGLED OUT IN FRONT OF — THAT THEY WERE DANGLING OUT IN FRONT OF US, MONEY IN ORDER TO PASS A BILL. THAT INSTANT PROVED TO ME WHAT WE CONTINUE TO SEE TODAY. POWER SHIFTING AWAY FROM THE STATES AND TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. BUT TO WHAT END? LAST CONGRESS, LAST YEAR, THIS CONGRESS PASSED A HEALTH CARE BILL THAT PLACES INCREASED TO MEDICAID OBLIGATIONS ON ALREADY CASH-STRAPPED STATES WITH NO WAY TO PAY FOR THEM. REGULATIONS FROM AGENCIES LIKE THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY CONTINUE TO DRIVE UP THE COST OF ENERGY AND FORCE AMERICAN JOBS OVERSEAS. JUST TODAY WE HEARD FROM SENATORS, REPRESENTATIVE YOUNG TESTIFIED BEFORE THE ENERGY AND COMMERCE COMMITTEE ABOUT THE NEED TO PURSUE ENERGY POLICIES IN ALASKA THAT ALLOW THEM TO ACCESS THE RESOURCES OF THAT GREAT STATE, ON A BILL THAT COULD UNLEASH AS MUCH AS ONE MILLION BARRELS OF OIL A DAY. THE STATE IS SUPPORTIVE, THE DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES WITNESSES TESTIFIED. UNFORTUNATELY THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT CONTINUES TO BLOCK THEIR PROGRESS. THE FOUNDING FATHERS WOULDN’T EVEN RECOGNIZE OUR COUNTRY TODAY AS ONE THAT THEY FORMED OVER 200 YEARS AGO. IN POLICIES LIKE EDUCATION PRESENT ANOTHER OPPORTUNITY FOR US TO REALLY DISTINGUISH THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN A FEDERAL APPROACH, BETWEEN THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND OUR STATE GOVERNMENT. ANOTHER PLACE WHERE EMPLOYING FEDERALIST PRINCIPLES LIKE EDUCATION, THERE’S NO BETTER EXAMPLE WHERE WE CAN TALK ABOUT WHAT THE DIFFERENCES ARE BETWEEN THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND THE
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HOW THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT STATE GOVERNMENT REALLY IS AND CONTINUES TO OVERSTEP ITS BOUNDS IN EDUCATION. DOUGLAS COUNTY, COLORADO, HAS TAKEN IT UPON ITSELF, THEIR BOARD OF EDUCATION, TO TRULY INNOVATE IN THE AREA OF EDUCATION FINANCING. THE DEPARTMENT WITH THE SYSTEM IN THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IS THAT IT’S A TOP-DOWN APPROACH. SINCE WHEN IS THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT ABLE TO BETTER COMMUNICATE THE NEEDS OF CHILDREN IN A COMMUNITY THAN THAT COMMUNITY ITSELF? THERE ARE SOME GOOD INITIATIVES IN CONGRESS OUT THERE LIKE THE ACT BY MR. GARRETT FROM NEW JERSEY WHICH WOULD ALLOW THE STATES TO OPT OUT ENOUGH CHILD LEFT BEHIND FUNDING AND USE THAT MONEY TOWARDS PROGRAMS THAT THEY THINK DESERVE ATTENTION. NOW YOU SEE, MR. SPEAKER, ALONG WITH FEDERAL FUNDING COMES VERY PRECIPITATIONIVE MANDATES.
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SCHOOL RECEIVES, THE LESS IT’S THE MORE FEDERAL FUNDING A ABLE TO LISTEN TO — LISTEN TO ITS OWN COMMUNITY, TO ITS TEACHERS, TO ITS PARENTS AND, YES, TO ITS STUDENTS. THE MORE IT IS FORCED TO LISTEN TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT WHICH SAYS, YOU CAN USE THIS MONEY BUT YOU HAVE TO USE IT HERE, YOU HAVE TO USE IT THIS WAY, IT’S TOUGH FOR A LOT OF STATES TO SAY NO TO THAT IN THESE CASH-STRAPPED TIMES. I LOOK FORWARD TO ADDRESSING SOME OF THESE ISSUES DURING THE DEBATES OF RE-AUTHORIZATION ON NO CHILD LEFT BEHIND, BUT WE MUST PUT POWER BACK IN THE HANDS OF TEACHERS AND PARENTS WHO KNOW BEST HOW TO TEACH THEIR CHILDREN. HEALTH CARE IS ANOTHER CHALLENGE THIS COUNTRY FACES. CONGRESS IMPOSING AN INDIVIDUAL MANDATE ON CITIZENS TO PURCHASE FEDERALLY APPROVED HEALTH INSURANCE THIS MANDATE IS CONTRARY TO THE FEDERALIST PRINCIPLES THAT WE’RE TALKING ABOUT THIS EVENING. THE BILL FORCES STATES TO EXPAND THEIR MEDICAID ELIGIBILITY STANDARDS. ACCORDING TO THE KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION, BY 2019 COLORADO WILL SEE A 47.7% INCREASE IN MEDICAID ENROLLEES AS COMPARED TO THE ESTIMATED NATIONAL AVERAGE OF 24.7%. THE HEALTH CARE BILL WAS CREATED BY THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND THE COST OF ITS EXPANSION IS SHIFTED DIRECTLY BACK TO STATE BUDGETS. FURTHER, UNDER THE TAKEOVER OF THE HEALTH CARE BILL, THE SECRETARY OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HAS THE AUTHORITY TO ENACT AND EXECUTE RULES AND REGULATIONS THAT LOCAL
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ADMINISTRATORS ARE REQUIRED TO FOLLOW. THIS TAKES THE POWER WAY FROM STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS — POWER AWAY FROM STATE AND LOCAL
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GOVERNMENTS AND RESTS IT IN THE HANDS OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. WHAT’S MORE IMPORTANT, THOUGH, IS INGENUITY AND PROGRESS IN HEALTH CARE THAT’S BEEN ESTABLISHED AND ACCOMPLISHED BY THE STATES ON A STATE BY STATE LEVEL AND THROUGH THIS PROCESS THEY’VE MADE SIGNIFICANT
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IMPROVEMENTS TO OUR HEALTH CARE INDUSTRY.
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HEALTH CARE BILL THAT PASSED UNFORTUNATELY I BELIEVE THE THIS CONGRESS, THAT PASSED THIS PAST CONGRESS IS A STEP AWAY FROM THAT DIRECTION. LAST WEEK I HAD THE OPPORTUNITY TO TAKE MY DAUGHTER, 7-YEAR-OLD DAUGHTER, TO PHILADELPHIA TO SEE THE LIBERTY BELL, TO VISIT CONSTITUTIONAL HALL, THE NATIONAL CONSTITUTION CENTER, TO TALK ABOUT THE GREAT SYMBOLS OF FREEDOM IN OUR COUNTRY. THE PEOPLE WHO WORKED AT INDEPENDENCE HALL TO WRITE THOSE FOUNDING DOCUMENTS, WHAT IT MEANT TO TALK ABOUT FREEDOM. ABOUT LIBERTY. ABOUT OUR GREAT REPUBLIC. AND I’M REMINDED OF THE TIME WHEN RECENT EVENTS IN LIBYA, EGYPT, MY WIFE AND DAUGHTER WATCHING TELEVISION, WATCHING THE NEWS WHEN THE PRESIDENT SPOKE ON TV AND THEY WERE TALKING ABOUT THE FIGHT FOR FREEDOM THAT CONTINUES IN THE MIDDLE EAST. THE PRESIDENT MENTIONED HOW WE HAVE TO CONTINUE WORKING FOR FREEDOM AROUND THE GLOBE AND MY DAUGHTER LOOKS AT MY WIFE AND SAYS, BUT WE ARE FREE. AND TO THAT MY WIFE LOOKED AT HER AND SAID, YES, BUT WE MUST ALWAYS CONTINUE TO WORK FOR IT. TO FIGHT FOR IT. AND THAT’S WHY WE ARE HERE TONIGHT, TALKING ABOUT HOW WE CAN MAKE SURE THAT WE ENSURE THOSE FUNDAMENTAL LIBERTIES, THOSE FUNDAMENTAL NOTIONS OF FREEDOM THAT ARE ENSHRINED IN OUR BASIC FORM OF FEDERALISM. WITH THAT I YIELD BACK TO THE GENTLEMAN FROM INDIANA. THANK YOU. NEXT I’D LIKE TO YIELD TO THE CO-CHAIR OF THE CONSTITUTION CAUCUS, THE GENTLEMAN FROM UTAH, MR. BISHOP. THANK YOU. TOM NEVENS WHO IS A SOCIAL ARCHEOLOGY GAVE AN INTERESTING DISCUSSION ABOUT ANCIENT CENTRAL AMERICA IN WHICH HE SAID, IN 1521 CORTES LED A GROUP OF SPANISH SOLDIERS TO WHAT IS TODAY MEXICO CITY AND THERE FOUND AN AZTEC SOCIETY AND AN AZTEC CAPITAL WITH 15 MILLION INHABITANTS. CORTES GAVE A SIMPLE INSTRUCTION TO THE MAN WHO WAS IN CHARGE OF THAT TIME, WHICH WAS, GIVE US YOUR GOLD OR WE’LL KILL YOU. FOR WHATEVER REASON MONTEZUMA GAVE HIM THE GOLD AND HE KILLED HIM. THE SIEGE OF WHAT IS TODAY MEXICO CITY, APPROXIMATELY A QUARTER OF A MILLION AZTECS DIED FROM STARVATION IN THAT SIEGE AND WITHIN TWO YEARS THE AZTEC EMPIRE WAS TOTALLY CONTROLLED BY THE SPANISH. A DECADE LATER THE INCAN CIVILIZATION HAD THE SAME THING HAPPEN TO THEM LED BYPY CZAROW WHO SAID, GIVE US THE GOLD OR WE’LL KILL YOU. AND ALSO WITHIN TWO YEARS THE INCAN CIVILIZATION WAS TOTALLY DOMINATED BY THE SPANISH WHICH MEANT THAT BOTH THE AZTECS AND THE INCAS WERE A HIGHLY CENTRALIZED GOVERNMENT, A HIGHLY CENTRALIZED SOCIETY, A HIGHLY CENTRALIZED ECONOMIC SYSTEM AND BECAUSE OF THAT THEY WERE EASY PRAY FOR A SMALLER BUT VERY WELL-TRAINED AND WELL-ORGANIZED SPANISH ARMY. BY THE 1680’S THE SPANISH MOVE INTO THE DESERTS OF NEW MEXICO WHERE THEY MOVE AGAINST THE APACHES. THERE’S TWO THINGS THAT ARE DIFFERENT ABOUT THE SPANISH
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EFFORTS WITH THE APACHES IN NEW MEXICO.
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BE TAKEN. NUMBER ONE, THERE WAS NO GOLD TO AND NUMBER TWO, THE SPANISH LOST. IN FACT, FOR ALMOST TWO CENTURIES THE AZTECS — THE APACHE WERE ABLE TO HOLD AT BAY THE SPANISH. AND ONE OF THE REASONS THEY WERE IS BECAUSE THE APACHE CIVILIZATION WAS VERY DECENTRALIZED. THEY HAD TRIBAL LEADERS BUT AS THE TRIBAL LEADERS WERE CAPTURED OR KILLED, THEY GOT ANOTHER TRIBAL LEADER. WITH THE GREATEST OF ALL IS THE ONE WE PROBABLY MISPRONOUNCE THE NAME AND CALL IT GERONIMO. BUT AS NEV NEMBINGS, — NEVENS SAID, THIS A APACHE ORGANIZATION HAD CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS AND A VERY SOPHISTICATED SOCIETY BUT THEY ALSO WERE DECENTRALIZED. I AM TOLD THAT IN THE APACHE LANGUAGE, THE WORD YOU SHOULD SIMPLY DOES NOT EXIST. WHEREAS IF WE LOOK AT THE THOUSANDS AND THOUSANDS OF PAGES THAT PRODUCES OBAMACARE AND CAP AND TRADE YOU FIND THE CONCEPT OF YOU SHOULD BEING REPEATEDLY INSERTED OVER AND OVER AND OVER AGAIN. WHICH MEANS A CENTRALIZED SOCIETY HAS CERTAIN STRENGTHS, HAS CERTAIN WEAKNESSES. ITS GREATEST STRENGTH IS THE CONCEPT OF UNIFORMITY. EVERYONE CAN BE COERCED INTO DOING THE EXACT SAME THING AT THE EXACT SAME TIME. A DECENTRALIZED SOCIETY HAS CERTAIN STRENGTHS AND CERTAIN WEAKNESSES. ITS GREATEST STRENGTH IS CREATIVITY, FLEXIBILITY AND THE OPPORTUNITY OF ITS PEOPLE TO HAVE OPTIONS IN THE WAY THEY LIVE. NOW, I KNOW, MR. SPEAKER, YOU AND PROBABLY MR. STUTZMAN ARE
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I CAME INTO THE WRONG SPECIAL WONDERING WHAT I’M DOING HERE. ORDER, LIKE WHAT DOES THIS HAVE TO DO WITH THE TOPIC AT HAND? I THINK IT DOES HAVE TO DO WITH THE TOPIC AT HAND. BECAUSE THE IDEA OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION WAS, DO WE HAVE A CENTRALIZED OR A DECENTRALIZED SOCIETY AND GOVERNMENT HERE IN THIS COUNTRY? AND INDEED THEY TRIED TO SEPARATE POWERS HORIZONTALLY BETWEEN THE THREE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT, BUT MORE SIGNIFICANTLY, MORE IMPORTANTLY, VIRTUALICALLY BETWEEN THE NATIONAL AND STATE GOVERNMENT AS A SPECIFIC WAY OF TRYING TO MAKE SURE THAT WE HAD A DECENTRALIZED SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT. ONE THAT PUT A GREATER EMPHASIS ON CREATIVITY, ON FLEXIBILITY AND THE ABILITY TO ENSURE THAT OUR CITIZENS HAD WHAT THEY CALLED PERSONAL LIBERTY, WHAT I SIMPLY SAY, THE OPTIONS TO MAKE CHOICES FOR THEMSELVES IN THE WAY THEY WISH TO DO THAT. THE FOUNDING FATHERS HAD A GREAT FEAR OF CONTROL, THAT’S HIGH THEY ROSE UP AGAINST GREAT BRITAIN IN THE FIRST PLACE. THEY HAD A FEAR OF BUREAUCRACY. TODAY WE HAVE IN OUR GOVERNMENT A FEDERAL GOVERNMENT THAT APPARENTLY TRIES TO VACUUM UP AS MUCH POWER, AS MUCH MONEY, AS MUCH INFLUENCE AS POSSIBLE. OUR GOVERNMENT BUREAUCRACY TODAY IN WASHINGTON IS ONE THAT IS BASED ON COMMAND AND CONTROL STYLE OF LEADERSHIP WHICH BUILDS A HEAVY EMPHASIS ON RULES AND OBEYING THE RULES AND PROCEDURES IS FAR MORE IMPORTANT THAN JUST COMING UP WITH A COMMON SENSE SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEM WHICH HAPPENS TO BE AT HAND. ONE OF THE QUESTIONS THAT WE HAD IS, HAVE WE BECOME IN ESSENCE TOO BIG TODAY? HAVE WE BECOME MORE CENTRALIZED THAN DECENTRALIZED AND DOES THAT GIVE SOME APPARENT WEAKNESSES TO OUR SOCIETY AND OUR COUNTRY THAT WE HAVE TODAY? ONE OF THE THINGS WE HAVE TO DO IS TRY TO RETHINK THIS ENTIRE SITUATION. TOMORROW, MEMBERS OF THIS HOUSE WILL BE INVITING LEGISLATORS FROM AROUND THE COUNTRY WHO ARE BACK HERE AN WE’LL HAVE A CONFERENCE IN WHICH STATE LEGISLATORS MEET WITH MEMBERS OF CONGRESS TO DISCUSS THIS VERY ISSUE OF WHAT DIRECTION THIS COUNTRY WILL BE GOING IN THE FUTURE AND TO RECOGNIZE VERY CLEARLY THAT THIS IS NOT AN ISSUE BETWEEN THE LEFT AND THE RIGHT. THE IDEA OF FEDERALISM, OF BALANCING POWERS, OF CREATIVITY AND A LESS CENTRALIZED GOVERNMENT IS NOT A REPUBLICAN OR DEMOCRAT ISSUE. IT’S AN ISSUE OF THE DIRECTION OF THIS COUNTRY. BECAUSE IT’S ABOUT PEOPLE. IT’S ABOUT WHETHER PEOPLE ACTUALLY HAVE OPTIONS IN THEIR LIVES OR WHETHER WE DON’T. WHEN WE RECOGNIZE THIS, IT BECOMES APPARENT THAT THE ONLY WAY TO MAKE SENSE OF THE SITUATION TO MAKE SURE THAT FEWER DECISIONS IN WASHINGTON ARE ALLOWED TO BE DIRECTED TOWARD THE STATES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS AND THE PEOPLE, THAT THEY GET MORE DECISIONS IN THEIR LIFE. AS JUSTICE REHNQUIST SAID, SURE THINK THERE CAN BE NO MORE IMPORTANT, FUNDAMENTAL CONSTITUTION QUESTION THAN THAT AS TO HOW AUTHORITY SHOULD BE ALLOCATED BETWEEN THE NATIONAL AND STATE GOVERNMENTS. THAT’S THE BATTLE WITH WHICH WE STILL FIGHT AND STRUGGLE HERE. AND IT’S THE ONE IN WHICH WE CANNOT AFFORD FOR THE FUTURE OF THIS COUNTRY TO LOSE OR TO FAIL. IF SOMETIMES WHEN I WAS TEACHING SCHOOL MY STUDENTS DIDN’T QUITE UNDERSTAND THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE FOLLOW THE AZTECS OR THE INCAS, THAT WAS AN ANNOYANCE. BUT IF WE AS MEMBERS OF CONGRESS FAIL TO RECK HIS THE DISTINCTION BETWEEN CENTRALIZATION OF POWER AND DECENTRALIZATION OF POWER THAT WAS THE FOUNDATION OF THIS COUNTRY, THAT’S NOT AN ANNOYANCE. THAT BECOMES A TRAGEDY. I’M VERY GRATE TO FEEL CHAIRMAN GARRETT OF NEW JERSEY, REPRESENTATIVE STUTZMAN OF INDIANA FOR YOUR LEADERSHIP IN ORGANIZING THIS, I’M PROUD TO JOIN MY GOOD FRIEND FROM COLORADO, HOPEFULLY MY GOOD FRIEND FROM NEW MEXICO, AS LONG AS HE DOES NOT TRY TO CHANGE ANY OF MY STORY ABOUT THE APACHES, THAT’S MY STORY AND I’M STICKING TO IT. BUT THIS IS IMPORTANT. THIS IS ONE OF THOSE KEY ISSUES. THIS IS ONE OF THE QUINTESSENTIAL ISSUES THAT WILL DEFINE WHERE WE GO, EITHER FORWARD TO A BRIGHTER FUTURE OR FORWARD TO A LESS SECURE, DANGEROUS FUTURE. I THANK YOU FOR ALLOWING ME TO BE HERE FOR FAW MINUTES. THANK YOU, MR. BISHOP, FOR YOUR COMMENTS. MR. SPEAKER AS I THINK ABOUT SOME OF THE COMMENTS MADE TONIGHT FROM MR. GARRETT AND MR. GARDNER AS WELL AS MR. BISHOP, IT BRINGS BACK A LOT OF THOUGHTS AND EXPERIENCES SERVING NOT ONLY AS A LEGISLATOR BUT ALSO A BUSINESS OWNER AND FARMER, SMALL TRUCKING OPERATION THAT WE HAVE A FAMILY BUSINESS BACK IN INDIANA AND THINKING ABOUT HOW THE FREEDOM THAT WE HAVE COMES FROM NOT THE CONSTITUTION. IT COMES IF GOD. THE RIGHTS THAT WE HAVE ARE GOD-GIVEN, THE CONSTITUTION PROTECTS THOSE RIGHTS AND I KNOW THAT MANY TIMES IN — OVER THE YEARS, WE LOOK AT THE CONSTITUTION AS A DRY DOCUMENT. IT DOESN’T SEEM TO BE EXCITING. IT DOESN’T SEEM TO BE ONE OF GREAT INTEREST. BUT I CAN TELL YOU TODAY, MR. SPEAKER, AS WE WATCH OUR FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, AS WE START TO THE DEBATES OF BUDGETS, OF HEALTH CARE, OF OUR MILITARY ACTIONS AROUND THE WORLD, OF THE SIZE AND SCOPE OF OUR FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, IT IS CRUCIAL FOR US, FOR ALL OF US TO REMIND OURSELVES TO REEDUCATE OURSELVES ON WHAT OUR CONSTITUTIONAL ROLE IS. AS MR. BISHOP SAID, MANY TIMES WE TALK ABOUT THE HORIZONTAL SEPARATIONS OF OUR GOVERNMENT WITH THE EXECUTIVE, LEGISLATIVE AND JUDICIAL BUT ALSO WE NEED TO REMEMBER THE VERTICAL BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT AND WE NEED TO REMIND OURSELVES THAT THE STATES VAIL ESTABLISHED THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. I CAN ONLY IMAGINE AS OUR FOUNDING FATHERS WERE DEBATING THIS AND LOOKING AT THE STATES THAT WERE INIST EPS AN THINKING OF THE CHALLENGES AND FACING THE CHALLENGES OF MILITARY ACTION AGAINST THEM AND HOW DO THEY DEFEND THEMSELVES, THE DISCUSSION OF TAXATION AND TO COME TOGETHER AND TO ESTABLISH A FEDERAL GOVERNMENT THAT WAS DESIGNED TO NOT ONLY PROTECT BUT TO PROTECT THE RIGHTS, PROTECT US PHYSICALLY, BUT TO PROTECT THE RIGHTS OF US AS INDIVIDUALS, NOW LOOKING BACK, FEDERALISM IS THAT BALANCE OF A FEDERAL GOVERNMENT THAT COMPLIES WITH THE CONSTITUTIONAL GUIDELINES, WHETHER IT’S OUR NATIONAL DEFENSE, WHETHER IT’S OUR BORDERS, WHETHER IT’S COMMERCE, CURRENCY, THE RESPONSIBILITIES ARE LIMITED BUT AS TIME HAS GONE BY, THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT HAS CONTINUED TO GROW AND TO PURSUE AND TO TAKE AWAY THOSE RESPONSIBILITIES FROM STATES AND FROM OUR LOCAL COMMUNITIES. AS MR. GARDNER MENTIONED THE DIFFERENT LOCAL COMMUNITIES HE’S VISITED, IT REMINDS ME OF ONES I’VE MADE AS WELL IN INDIANA, WHETHER IT’S TALKING WITH THE MAYOR IN KENDALLVILLE ABOUT THE CHANNELS OF FIRE AND POLICE, WHETHER IT’S TOPEKA TOWN COUNCIL AND THE CHALLENGES THEY HAVE WITH ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, WHETHER IT’S SEWER CHALLENGES OR FORT WAYNE, AIN GO LA WITH STREETS AND SEWERS — ANGOLA WITH STREETS AND STURES AND THINGS THEY KNOW WHAT THEY’D LIKE TO DO AND ACCOMPLISH, ARE ALL AFFECTED BY FEDERAL GOVERNMENT ONE WAY OR THE OTHER. IT DRIVES COSTS UP FOR — ULTIMATELY FOR THE CITIZENS. SPENDING CONTINUES TO ACCUMULATE AND INCREASE AND WE HAVE TO REMEMBER THAT THE AMERICAN TAXPAYER, THE AMERICAN CITIZEN, WE AS CITIZENS ARE THE ONES ULTIMATELY RESPONSIBLE FOR PAYING THAT BILL. AS WE COME INTO OUR BUDGET PROCESS OVER THE NEXT COUPLE OF DAYS, I THINK WE SHOULD BE REMINDED AND WOULD BE REMISS IF WE DIDN’T TAKE THE OPPORTUNITY TO LOOK THROUGH THE SCOPE AND LOOK THROUGH THE EYES OF WHAT OUR FOUNDING FATHERS IMAGINED AND INTENDED FOR OUR COUNTRY THROUGH THE CONSTITUTION. AS WE FACE $14 TRILLION OF DEBT. STATES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, FAMILIES DON’T HAVE THE ABILITY TO CONTINUE TO BORROW DOLLARS, SPECIFICALLY STATES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS DON’T HAVE THE SAME ABILITY THAT THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT HAS, SO THEY ARE DISCIPLINED AND SO THEY REALIZE THAT THE DECISIONS THEY MAKE AFFECT LOCAL COMMUNITIES. THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND US IN CONGRESS NEED TO TAKE ON THAT SAME DISCIPLINE AND REALIZE THAT THE SPENDING THAT WE AUTHORIZE TODAY IS GOING TO AFFECT OUR CHILDREN AND GRANDCHILDREN. I HAVE TWO CHILDREN, TWO SONS A 9-YEAR-OLD AND A 4-YEAR-OLD — A 5-YEAR-OLD. I KNOW THAT THEY ARE GOING TO HAVE TO ASSUME THE RESPONSIBILITIES AND CONSEQUENCES OF WHAT HAPPENS TODAY IN CONGRESS. I REFUSE TO STAND BY AND TO ALLOW FOR MORE SPENDING AND FOR FEDERAL GOVERNMENT TO CONTINUE TO DEPROW. I WANT TO SEE A CUPRY THAT RESPECTS NOT ONLY THE INDIVIDUALS’ LIVE LIBERTY, FOR OUR LOCAL COMMUNITIES, DECISION MAKING AT THE LOCAL LEVEL AND STATE LEVEL RATHER THAN A FEDERAL GOVERNMENT THAT CONTINUES TO BELIEVE THAT THEY CAN AUTHORIZE AND TELL THE AMERICAN PEOPLE WHAT TO DO AND WHAT THEY CANNOT DO. SO WITH THOSE THOUGHTS IN MIND, GOING INTO THE BUDGET PROCESS, I BELIEVE THAT WE HAVE A RESPONSIBILITY, MR. SPEAKER, TO CHALLENGE THE STATUS QUO. WE HEAR A LOT OF COMMENTS ON THIS FLOOR ABOUT WHAT THE CHANGES ARE BEING PR POSED IN THE BUDGET THAT JUST PASSED OUT OF THE BUDGET COMMITTEE LAST WEEK AND IT’S GOING TO BE DEBATED HERE ON THE FLOORED TOMORROW. I BELIEVE THAT WE CANNOT DEMONIZE THE SITUATION THAT WE’RE IN AND USING SCARE TACTICS WITH THE AMERICAN PEOPLE. WE NEED TO BE FACTUAL. WE NEED TO BE HONEST. WE NEED TO REALIZE THE REALITIES THAT WE ARE IN AS AMERICANS BECAUSE WE’RE ALL IN THIS TOGETHER. THIS IS NOT A REPUBLICAN PROBLEM, THIS IS NOT A DEMOCRAT PROBLEM.
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FLOOR ALL THE TIME. WE SEE FINGER POINTING ON THIS FRANKLY, I KNOW AS A FRESHMAN IN CONGRESS, THAT’S NOT WHAT I CAME HERE FOR. I CAME HERE TO FIX THE PROBLEMS WE HAVE BECAUSE OF A BLOATED GOVERNMENT AND BECAUSE WE’VE OVERSTEPPED THE BOUNDARIES OF OUR CONSTITUTIONAL ROLE. IF WE DO NOT, — IF WE DO NOT FACE THE FACT THAT WE HAVE TRILLIONS OF DOLLARS OF DEBT THAT WE ARE OVERSPENDING, WE HAVE TO ALSO REALIZE WE CANNOT RAISE TAXES ON THE AMERICAN PEOPLE AT A TIME WHEN THE ECONOMY IS STRUGGLING, WHEN AMERICAN FAMILIES ARE STRUGGLING AND PAYING BILLS. BY RAISING TAXES WE ONLY DRIVE THE COST OF DOING BUSINESS HIGHER, WE DRIVE THE COST OF LIVING HIGHER. MONEY CAN’T BE CIRCULATED THROUGH THE ECONOMY AND TICK TATED TO WHERE — BY THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT TO STIMULATE OR DRIVE OUR ECONOMY. THE AMERICAN PEOPLE DO THAT MUCH BETTER. SO I BELIEVE AS WE AGAIN DEBATE THE BUDGET, WE NEED TO REALIZE THAT IF WE WANT TO PASS ON A BETTER FUTURE FOR OUR KIDS AND GRANDKIDS, FOR OUR COUNTRY, FOR OURSELVES, THAT’S THE WAY PEOPLE NEED TO LOOK AT IT. I BELIEVE THAT WE LAY OUT THE SITUATION, WHETHER IT’S WITH MEDICARE, AND REALIZING THAT WE CANNOT CONTINUE DOWN THE ROAD OF CURRENT — THE PROGRAM AS IT CURRENTLY STANDS. IF WE WANT TO HAND THAT OFF TO CHILDREN AND OUR GRANDCHILDREN, THAT SOME MODIFICATIONS HAVE TO HAPPEN. I BELIEVE SOME — WE AS REPUBLICANS AND WE AS CONGRESS, SPECIFICALLY REPUBLICANS IN THE MAJORITY HERE IN CONGRESS, LAY OUT THE PLAN AND WE MAKE THIS — WE MAKE THE CASE THAT SOMETHING NEEDS TO BE DONE. THE MERP PEOPLE ARE WITH US. THEY REALIZE THE DEBT HANGING OVER US. THEY REALIZE THE DEFICITS HANGING OVER US CAN IN THE BE SUSTABED.
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. WE’LL HAVE TO MAKE CHAS. WE CANNOT DO THAT IF WE CONTINUE TO USE SCARE TACTICS. I BELIEVE THAT GOING BACK AND LOOKING AT THE CONSTITUTIONAL ROLE OF OUR FEDERAL GOVERNMENT THAT ALL OF US AS AMERICANS REALIZE AS THE MANY GENERATIONS BEFORE US DID IN THE CHALLENGES THAT THEY FACED THAT WE ARE UP TO THE CHALLENGE SYSTEM OF MR. SPEAKER, AS WE MOVE INTO TOMORROW, I BELIEVE THAT OUR CONSTITUTIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES DB WILL BE DEFINED BY WHAT WE DO AND WHAT WE SAY AND WHAT WE VOTE ON IN THE UPCOMING YEARS. I BELIEVE THAT MR. GARDNER HAS A FEW MORE COMMENTS. I’D LIKE TO YIELD TO HIM AT THIS TIME. I THANK THE GENTLEMAN FOR YIELDING. UP WITH OF YOUR COMMENTS REAL REMINDS ME OF A STORY FROM A CONSTITUENT YEARS AGO, TALKING ABOUT ATTENDING LAW SCHOOL. THEY TALKED ABOUT HOW IN THEIR CONSTITUTIONAL LAW COURSE, STARTING WITH THE BILL OF RIGHTS, THEY WERE GOING THROUGH THE AMENDMENTS, READING CASES, AND WHEN THEY GOT TO THE NINTH AND 10TH AMENDMENTS OF THE CONSTITUTION, BECAUSE NOBODY REALLY KNOW WHAT IS THEY DO ANYMORE. SO DISCUSSION TONIGHT HAS BEEN ON — HN ON THE — HAD BEEN ON THE ISSUE OF FEDERALISM. AND HERE WE ARE DEALING WITH LAW SCHOOLS, PUBLIC LAW SCHOOLS, WHERE THIS INDIVIDUAL WAS TOLD WE’RE GOING TO SKIP THE NINTH AND 10TH AMENDMENT BECAUSE NOBODY KNOWS WHAT IT MEANS. I BELIEVE THE AMERICAN PEOPLE HAVE A GREAT INTEREST IN WHAT THE NINTH AND 10TH AMENDMENT MEANS. I BELIEVE IN MANY PHONES HAVE OPPORTUNITIES AND I BELIEVE THAT PEOPLE WHO ARE INTERESTED IN WHAT’S GOING ON AROUND THE COUNTRY AND WHAT STUDENTS ARE BEING TAUGHT, WHAT STUDENTS ARE BEING TAUGHT REGARDING THE CONSTITUTION, THEY’VE GOT A RIGHT TO AUDIT THAT CLASS AND MAYBE THEY SHOULD STOP BY THESE CLASSES PAUSE, WHAT? THE NINTH AND 10TH AMENDMENTS OF THIS GREAT NEIGH. I THANK YOU FOR THE OPPORTUNITY TO SHARE THAT STORY P WITH THE GENTLEMAN FROM INDIANA. THANK YOU. IT’S PROBABLY ALL TOO COMMON, UNFORTUNATELY. AND BECAUSE THIS DOCUMENT I BELIEVE IS, AS I SAID EARLIER, ONE THAT DOESN’T APPEAR TO BE EXCITING. BUT WHEN YOU READ IT AND WHEN YOU REALIZE WHAT IT DOES FOR OUR FREEDOM, THAT IT PROTECTS OUR RIGHTS AS INDIVIDUALS OF THIS GREAT NATION, IT’S SO IMPORTANT FOR US TO UNDERSTAND IT. AND IF WE DON’T KNOW, TO FIND OUT. TO LISTEN TO OTHERS WHO HAVE GONE ON BEFORE US, WHETHER IT’S OUR FOUNDING FATHERS OR WHETHER IT’S THOSE WHO HAVE SERVED IN DIFFERENT CAPACITIES, WHETHER IT’S IN SCHOOLS OR WHETHER IT’S IN GOVERNMENT. THERE IS A REASON FOR IT. IT’S THE NINTH AND 10TH AMENDMENTS AND IT’S THE NINTH AND 10TH POINTS OF OUR BILL OF RIGHTS AND I THINK THAT’S WHAT OUR FOUNDING FATHERS MEANT. THEY MEANT IT TO BE AT THE END TO GIVE THOSE RESPONSIBILITIES BACK TO THE STATE GOVERNMENTS BECAUSE THEY KNEW THAT THE
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FEDERAL GOVERNMENT WASN’T GOING TO BE RESPONSIBLE. THEY COULDN’T ABSOLUTELY TAKE CARE OF EVERYBODY WITH THE ROLE AND THE SIZE OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AT THAT TIME. AND IT’S — WE’RE IN A SITUATION TODAY WHERE I BELIEVE MANY AMERICANS BELIEVE AND THEY KNOW IN THEIR HEART WHAT IS RIGHT AND THAT’S THE AMERICAN — OUR CONSTITUTION PROTECTS THOSE RIGHTS. AND THAT WE BELIEVE IN FREEDOM, WE BELIEVE IN THAT ENTREPRENEURIAL SPIRIT AND THAT WE CAN GO OUT AND MAKE SOMETHING OF OURSELVES. AS I SAID, I’M THE SON OF A FARMER AND HAD THE OPPORTUNITY TO SERVE IN CONGRESS WHICH IS A HUMBLING EXPERIENCE BUT AT THE SAME TIME KNOWING THAT WE HAVE A RESPONSIBILITY FOR OUR KIDS AND FOR OUR GRANDKIDS, FOR OUR
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COUNTRY, FOR THE FREEDOM THAT WE HAVE WITH, FOR THE OPPORTUNITY THAT WE HAVE AND I BELIEVE THAT THIS IS A PERFECT TIME FOR US TO KNOW WHAT THE CONSTITUTION SAYS, TO UNDERSTAND IT AND TO APPLY IT , WHETHER YOU’RE ON THE SCHOOL BOARD, WHICH IS ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT POSITIONS I BELIEVE THAT ANY INDIVIDUAL COULD RUN FOR, TO BE INVOLVED IN OUR CHILDREN’S EDUCATION. WHETHER IT’S ON THE CITY COUNCIL, TOWN COUNCIL, COUNTY COUNCIL, STATE GOVERNMENT, THOSE ARE ALL SUCH IMPORTANT — TOWNSHIP GOVERNMENT ARE ALL SO IMPORTANT BECAUSE AN ENGAGED PERSON INVOLVED IN THE COMMUNITY, INVOLVED IN THE GOVERNMENT CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE. AND THAT IS WHAT I BELIEVE TO BE SO FASCINATING IS THAT THIS DOCUMENT EMPOWERS US AS AMERICANS. IT DOESN’T TAKE POWER AWAY, IT DOESN’T GIVE POWER STRICTLY TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, IT IS ONE THAT BELIEVES IN THE AMERICAN PEOPLE AND AS I MENTIONED BEFORE WITH THE BUDGET DEBATES COMING FORWARD, IF WE CONTINUE TO GO DOWN THE PATH OF HIGHER SPENDING, HIGHER TAXES, OF MORE REGULATIONS, THAT WE ONLY TAKE AWAY OPPORTUNITY, WE TAKE AWAY THE EMPOWERMENT THAT WAS GIVEN TO THE AMERICAN PEOPLE AND THAT WE ALL SHOULD BE GRATEFUL THAT WE CAN GO BACK TO THE CONSTITUTIONAL — TO THE CONSTITUTION AND HAVE THIS DISCUSSION AND HAVE THIS DIALOGUE ABOUT WITH THE RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND MAKING THAT CASE TO THOSE OF US IN CONGRESS AND TO OUR COLLEAGUES ON BOTH SIDES OF THE AISLE, THE RESPONSIBILITIES AND THE OPPORTUNITIES THAT STATE GOVERNMENTS, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS — NOT ONLY CAN THEY DO IT BUT THEY CAN DO IT BETTER BECAUSE THEY CAN MEET THE NEEDS OF THEIR LOCAL COMMUNITIES BECAUSE THEY HEAR FROM LOCAL CITIZENS. I BELIEVE THAT GOVERNMENT THAT IS CLOSEST TO THE PEOPLE SERVES THE PEOPLE BETTER. SO WITH THAT I APPRECIATE EACH OF MY COLLEAGUES THIS EVENING FOR BEING PART OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL CAUCUS DISCUSSION HERE ON THE HOUSE FLOOR AND LOOKING FORWARD TO MANY MORE AND KNOW THAT EACH OF US HAVE GREAT RESPONSIBILITIES IN FRONT OF US AND REALIZING WHAT THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT’S ROLE IS ACCORDING TO THIS DOCUMENT AND THAT WE TAKE THESE VERY SERIOUSLY IN THE UPCOMING DAYS AND THAT WE DON’T CONTINUE TO GROW THE SIZE AND SCOPE OF GOVERNMENT AND WITH THAT, MR. CHAIRMAN, I’M SORRY, MR. SPEAKER, THANK YOU FOR THE TIME AND I YIELD BACK. THE GENTLEMAN YIELDS BACK THE BALANCE OF HIS TIME. FOR WHAT PURPOSE DOES THE GENTLEMAN FROM UTAH RISE? MR. SPEAKER, I SEND TO THE DESK A PRIVILEGED REPORT FROM THE COMMITTEE ON RULES FOR
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THE FILING UNDER THE RULE. CLERK WILL REPORT THE TITLE. REPORT TO ACCOMPANY HOUSE RESOLUTION 223, RESOLUTION PROVIDING FOR CONSIDERATION OF THE CONCURRENT RESOLUTION, HOUSE CONCURRENT RESOLUTION 34, ESTABLISHING THE BUDGET FOR THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT FOR THE FISCAL YEAR 2012 AND SETTING FORTH APPROPRIATE BUDGETARY
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LEVELS FOR THE FISCAL YEARS 2013 THROUGH 2021. REFERRED TO THE HOUSE CALENDAR AND ORDERED PRINTED. MR. SPEAKER.
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FOR WHAT PURPOSE DOES THE GENTLEMAN FROM UTAH RISE? I ASK UNANIMOUS CONSENT THAT WHEN THE HOUSE ADJOURNS TODAY IT ADJOURN TO MEET AT 10:00 A.M. TOMORROW FOR MORNING HOUR DEBATE AND 11 A.M. FOR LEGISLATIVE BUSINESS. WITHOUT
1817
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OBJECTION, SO ORDERED. UNDER THE SPEAKER’S ANNOUNCED POLICY OF JANUARY 5, 2011, THE CHAIR RECOGNIZES THE GENTLEMAN FROM NEW MEXICO, MR. PEARCE, FOR 30 MINUTES. THANK YOU, MR. SPEAKER. I APPRECIATE THE OPPORTUNITY TO ADDRESS THE BODY TONIGHT. I WAS NOT ABLE TO HEAR THE PRESIDENT’S SPEECH TODAY BUT I WAS ABLE TO THEN GET A TRANSCRIPT AND READ IT. I NOTE IN THE OPENING OF THAT SPEECH THAT HE SAYS, ON PAGE 1, THAT THE DEBATE THAT WE’RE HAVING HERE IN WASHINGTON IS ABOUT THE KIND OF FUTURE THAT WE WANT. IT’S ABOUT THE KIND OF COUNTRY WE BELIEVE IN AND THEN HE DESCRIBES THAT’S WHAT HIS SPEECH WILL BE ABOUT TODAY. NOW, AS I READ THE CONTEXT OF THE SPEECH I REALIZE THAT THE PRESIDENT AND MANY AMERICANS BELIEVE IN VERY DRAMATICALLY DIFFERENT MODELS OF COUNTRY, THE KIND OF FUTURE THAT WE BELIEVE IN IS DRAMATICALLY DIFFERENT. I FIND IN THE PRESIDENT’S SPEECH THAT HE CENTERS MANY OF HIS COMMENTS AROUND TAXING AND MAYBE IT’S TAXING THE MILLIONAIRES AND THE BILLION AIRS AND — BILLIONAIRES AND SO I THINK IF WE’RE GOING TO TALK ABOUT THE KIND OF COUNTRY THAT WE LIVE IN, THE KIND OF FUTURE THAT WE WANT FOR THE COUNTRY, FOR OUR CHILDREN AND OUR GRANDCHILDREN, IT’S IMPERATIVE THAT WE BEGIN TO DISCUSS THIS POLICY OF TAXATION, THIS IDEA THAT WE SHOULD AND CAN TAX THE RICH GREATER PROPORTION SHARES AND SO IT IS THAT WHICH I WOULD LIKE TO ADDRESS TONIGHT. NOW, AS WE TALK ABOUT THE FUTURE WE BELIEVE IN, UNDERSTAND THAT ECONOMIC GROWTH AND VITALITY ARE CRITICAL CONCEPTS AND SO ONE MUST THEN ASK, HOW DO WE, HOW DOES A COUNTRY ACHIEVE ECONOMIC GROWTH, HOW DOES IT FAIL TO ACHIEVE ECONOMIC GROWTH? THAT WOULD BE A KEY QUESTION. ONE OF THE CORE ECONOMIC TRUTHS OF ECONOMIC GROWTH IS THAT WHEN WE TAX THE CITIZENS MORE THAN APPROXIMATELY 23%, THAT WE FIND AN ECONOMY THAT WILL BE STUCK IN STAGNATION. WHEN WE LOWER THE TAXATION RATE, THEN WE FIND AN ECONOMIC VITALITY, CREATION OF JOBS. AND SO SOMEWHERE THIS IN A THRESHOLD OF ABOUT 23% — SOMEWHERE IN THAT THRESHOLD OF ABOUT 23%, WE REALIZE THAT EVERY TIME WE RAISE TAXES WE KILL JOBS AND EVERY TIME WE LOWER TAXES WE CREATE JOBS. THAT WAS THE ESSENCE OF THE ARGUMENT THAT PRESIDENT KENNEDY LEVIED WHEN HE SAID, WE NEED TO LOWER THE TAX RATE IN ORDER TO CREATE MORE GOVERNMENT REVENUES. NOW, I OFTEN TALK ABOUT THE ECONOMIC CHAOS THAT WE’RE FACING IN OUR WORLD RIGHT NOW, IN OUR COUNTRY, AND IT BEGINS AT THIS POINT, LOOKING AT THE CHART, WE HAVE BASICALLY AN IMBALANCE. WE ARE SPENDING $3.5 TRILLION EVERY YEAR AND WE’RE BRINGING IN $2.2 TRILLION EVERY YEAR. OUR ECONOMY IS STUCK IN STAGNATION. WE DON’T HAVE THE ABILITY TO CREATE JOBS AND THE PRESIDENT IS TALKING ABOUT RAISING TAXES IN ORDER TO CREATE REVENUE. PRESIDENT KENNEDY UNDERSTOOD THAT WHEN WE RAISE TAXES WE ACTUALLY DIMINISH THE $2.2 TRILLION FIGURE, WE LOWER THE $2.2 TRILLION BECAUSE JOBS ARE LOST, PRODUCTIVITY IS LOST AND THEREFORE THOSE JOBS DON’T PAY TAXES TO THE GOVERNMENT AND THE GOVERNMENT’S REVENUES BEGIN TO DECREASE. NOW, I HEAR MY FRIENDS ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THE AISLE OFTEN DESCRIBE THE NECESSITY TO TAX AWAY EXXON’S PROFITS, THAT WE SHOULD TAKE EVERY SINGLE DOLLAR THEY MAKE AND IN FACT WE HAVE ONE PRESIDENT SAYING WE SHOULD TAX EXXON’S PROFITS AND SPEND THEM. WE HEARD THE SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE AT THAT POINT USING THAT SAME LANGUAGE, THAT WE SHOULD TAX THE PROFITS OF EXXON AND SPEND THEM.
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NOW, LET’S TAKE A CLOSER LOOK AT THAT. EXXON MAKES GOOD PROFITS, THEY HAVE A GOOD BUSINESS, THEY HAVE GOOD INVESTMENTS. BUT ALMOST EVERY YEAR EXXON SPENDS THE MAJORITY OF ITS PROFITS REINVESTING THEM IN NEW DRILLING. AS THEY DRILL WELLS, PEOPLE ARE HIRED TO WORK ON THE DRILLING RIGS. THEY’RE HIRED TO WORK ON THE LOGGING RIGS, ON THE CEMENTING RIGS, THEY’RE HIRED TO DO THE TASKS OF FINISHING THE WELL, PUTTING IT INTO PRODUCTIVITY BEFORE EXXON CAN EVER MAKE A PROFIT. SO AS WE TAKE AWAY THAT PROFIT FROM THEM, WE TAKE AWAY THE FUTURE DRILLING, WE TAKE AWAY THEN THE JOBS FROM THE ECONOMY AND THAT IS THE REASON THAT HIGHER TAXES PENALIZE AND KILL JOBS. ANOTHER EXAMPLE THAT I HAVE ABOUT JOB CREATION WAS FROM BILL WITH. I ASKED, WHAT DOES IT TAKE TO CREATE JOBS? HE HOLDS UP HIS HAND AND SAYS, IT TAKES ME $340,000 TO CREATE ONE JOB. HE SAYS, THAT’S BECAUSE WE DRIVE BULLDOZERS IN OUR WORK. HE SAID, THEY WON’T LET ME DRIVE THE BULLDOZER DOWN THROUGH THE MAIN STREETS SO I HAVE TO BUY A PICKUP TRUCK, TOO, SO HE SAID BASICALLY $400,000 I CAN CREATE ONE JOB. AND WHEN WE THE GOVERNMENT, WHEN WASHINGTON TAXES AWAY THOSE OBSCENE PROFITS, THOSE OBSCENE PROFITS IN THE EYES OF SOME, THEN WHAT HAPPENS IS HE TAKES LONGER AND MAYBE EVEN NEVER GETS TO THE POINT OF HAVING THE $340,000 IN THE BANK IN ORDER TO PAY FOR THAT NEW BULLDOZER AND HIRE ONE MORE PERSON. AND SO AS A PRESIDENT BEGINS TO TELL US THAT HIS VIEW OF THIS COUNTRY IS ONE WHERE WE WANT TO TAX THE PEOPLE WHO ARE PRODUCING , THEN WE HAVE TO WONDER WHAT WE’RE GOING TO GET. WHAT YOU TAX YOU GET LESS OF. SO IF HE’S GOING TO TAX THE PRODUCERS, THE MILLIONAIRES AND THE BILLIONAIRES, YOU’RE GOING TO GET LESS OF THEM. I THINK THAT’S A QUESTION WE SHOULD ASK, IS THAT A COURSE THAT WE WANT TO CHART FOR OUR FUTURE? NOW, I RECOGNIZE THAT MY FRIEND, MR. MCCOTTER, IS HERE TONIGHT AND MAYBE HE HAS SOME INSIGHTS, BUT I’D LIKE TO SUSPEND MY CONVERSATION ON THE IDEA THAT WE CAN TAX THE RICH AND FIND PROSPERITY IF WE’RE A NATION, I THINK THE RICH SHOULD PAY TAXES THE SAME AS EVERYONE ELSE, BUT WHEN WE RAISE THE TAX LEVEL BEYOND THAT 22%, 23%, 24% THRESHOLD THEN WE NEED TO UNDERSTAND THE RESULT IS GOING TO BE ECONOMIC STAGNATION, THAT’S WHAT WE’RE FINDING RIGHT NOW. SO WHEN MR. OBAMA CONCENTRATES HIS SPEECH TODAY ON TAXING, TAXING THE WEALTHY, THAT THEY WOULD PAY THEIR FAIR SHARE IN A SOCIETY, UNDERSTAND HE’S TALKING ABOUT A FUTURE THAT LOOKS SOMEWHAT LIKE CUBA’S. CUBA TAXES WEALTHY PEOPLE AND THEY HAVEN’T HAD JOB CREATION FOR DECADES. THE SOVIET UNION TAXED WEALTHY PEOPLE, THEY DIDN’T HAVE JOBS. EUROPEANS EVEN TAX AT GREATER REYES RATE THAN WE DO AND THEY’VE HAD ECONOMIC STAGNATION — GREATER RATES THAN WE DO AND THEY’VE HAD ECONOMIC STAGNATION UNTIL THEY’VE CUT THE SIZE OF GOVERNMENT AND LOWER TAXES AND FOUND THEMSELVES CREATING JOBS. SO I’D LIKE TO RECOGNIZE MR. MCCOTTER AT THIS POINT FOR COMMENTS THAT HE MIGHT HAVE. I THANK THE GENTLEMAN FOR YIELDING. WE’VE SEEN THROUGHOUT OUR LIFETIMES THE ARGUMENT PUT FORWARD THAT THE WAY OUT OF THE

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