Human factors for pilots – Extra – Human intervention motivation study (HIMS)
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Human factors for pilots – Extra – Human intervention motivation study (HIMS)


MAN: HIMS or the Human
Intervention Motivation Study was spearheaded by the Air Line Pilots
Association in the USA in the 1970s. It’s been highly successful in helping
treating pilots for alcohol and drug abuse. And, since its inception,
over 4,500 professional pilots have been successfully rehabilitated
and returned to their careers. LAURIE SHAW: It’s not a recovery program in
itself, it’s a monitoring program
for the recovery. So, when a pilot is issued with
special requirements by CASA to comply with evidence of stability,
peer pilots, like myself, are able to help that pilot through that process to show
that stability to the regulator to regain their
medical certificate in a much shorter period of time than would normally be
the case. It’s a proven process where pilots generally
will trust other pilots and to help them through that process. The pilots that have been diagnosed with
substance use disorder, it’s been a godsend for them in a lot of ways because they’ve been able to reach out to peer
support and help them through the process. We look at other industries in this
country and abroad, they value the human resources
and if someone’s got an issue with drugs or alcohol,
we should help them rather than be punitive. – On the March 8, 1990, Captain Lyle Prouse became famous
for all the wrong reasons, testing positive to alcohol after flying
a Delta Airlines Boeing 727 between Fargo and Minneapolis,
carrying 58 passengers. In fact, all the crew tested positive. LYLE PROUSE: I was involved in the most
egregious aviation incident that had ever taken place in American
commercial aviation. I was very aware of that. – And the ensuing media circus
and court case ended with Lyle going to jail. But this wasn’t the end of his story. LYLE PROUSE: And I came out of prison,
I was broke, I had these sanctions I would never fly again. And, I knew that it was done. However, I stayed sober. I dealt with life one day at a time, one day at a time – we lost everything. And inside the next year, the judge in a miraculous turnaround
lifted the sanctions on me. There probably wasn’t a 1 in 10,000 chance possibility that he would do that,
but he did it. And I had no input into that. And now, I’ve got to go back there
and literally start from the ground up and initially,
I thought that’s not possible. My pilot friends didn’t think it was possible. And as I sat and I looked at it
and I thought, “I stay sober one day at a time, “everything I do is based on the
current moment and what’s in front of me.” And I thought I’ll do the licences,
one licence at a time. Everyone knew my name, I knew everybody knew about this matter
and there was no chance someone was going to hire me
to fly their aeroplanes. And a month later, the licences physically
arrived in the mail and within an hour, I got a phone call
from the Head of the Pilot Union at Northwest. The grievance had been automatically filed
because of my termination and I had not activated the
grievance because Northwest Airlines was justified in terminating me and I knew that and I wasn’t going to resist
that or fight it. And this pilot said to me,
this is the best phone call I’ve ever made because he said three hours ago, he said John Dasburg, who was the President
and CEO of Northwest Airlines, this 50,000-man airline, made a personal decision to
allow you to come back to Northwest and reinstate you into flight status. But, what I’ve come to see is that when
somebody recovers, when they get their life back,
you know, we put a lot of emphasis on maintaining a heartbeat, we’ll do anything to save a life and keep the heart beating,
but we’ve got walking dead in here. The people with this disease are walking dead
and eventually it takes their spirit,
it takes everything, and creates a tremendous amount
of suffering, And when you see that turn, when you see that change. The HIMS pilots will be the safest pilots on
the airline. LAURIE SHAW: Lyle’s story
is absolutely amazing from being a decorated fighter pilot in
the Vietnam War to a 727 captain with Northwest. To go back to view it from scratch with
private pilot’s licence right up through to his CPL to his instrument
rating and getting his twin licences back. And through his peers, he was able
to get a lot more support as he went through the process from his
good friends in the industry and so much, so that
the President of the United States at that time pardoned him.

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