Sources of Indian Constitution | Indian Polity
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Sources of Indian Constitution | Indian Polity

There are 448 Articles in our Indian constitution But when you see the last Article of our constitution, it is Article no. 395, How is this possible? Hey everybody ! This is Priya and you are watching finology legal In today’s video we will get to know about the Sources of INDIAN CONSTITUTION But before this, we will understand the present structure of our Indian Constitution When on 26 November 1949 our constitution was fully made, Then there was total 395 Articles, 22 Parts and 8 Schedules were there But this was all about 1949 only But Since 1949, total 103 new amendments are introduced till present So after all this changes, now our Constitution consists of 448 ARTICLES, 25 PARTS and 12 SCHEDULES To maintain the original numbering of the Articles present in our constitution When ever any new Amendment or any laws are introduced, They are introduced in Alphabetic manner For example we look 86th Amendment, this act has given us a new fundamental right Right to Education, and this act was introduced in our constitution as article 21 A so that’s why, after having so many amendments the last article of our constitution is Article 395. And now what are the Parts and Schedules in our constitution, lets understand this also the articles present in our constitution are made up of topic wise specifically if you see from Article 12 to Article 35, it tells all about our fundamental rights This specific topic wise arrangement is known as Parts like PART 3 describes about Fundamental Rights, PART 4 describes about Directive Principles of State Policy like this only each Part states about specific Articles Next is SCHEDULES, the provisions which are given in the Articles, apart from this, all the Additional Details and the Lists are introduced as Schedules like SCHEDULE 1 and 4 Tells about the names of all States and Union Territories and what will be their territories it tells about that SCHEDULE 2 describes about the Salary and SCHEDULE 8 tells that which languages are the official languages Now, like we included the Articles in to the Constitution, like that only why we hadn’t introduced Schedule in the Constitution? Because already our Constitution was so lengthy, if we added the Schedules in to it it could have become more complicated That’s why for the simplicity, Constitution has been divided in Articles, Parts and Schedules In our Indian Constitution till now 124 amendments are proposed and from that 103 amendments act are passed The very latest amendment act is 103rd Amendment Act which was passed in January 2019 This talks about EWS (Economically Weaker Section) It means the economically weaker section of General Category will be given 10% reservation The provision for this is inserted in our constitution as 15 and 16 clause 6 (15(6) & 16(6) ) So this was about the current situation, now lets go to 1946-47 When the Constituent Assembly of India began to make our constitution At that time we mainly we relied on these 11 sources for making our constitution We will look after these sources one by one, Along with this we will see that which important features we have inserted from these sources The first one is The Government of India Act of 1935, The Constitution of Independent India came to force in 26 January 1950 But before this In British India The law of The Land was The Government of India Act 1935, That’s why, when we were making our Constitution the act of 1935 was the best preference and source We have took three important features from this act that are Emergency Provisions, Public Service Commission and System of Judiciary Means the Structure of Supreme Court, High Court and Subordinate Court was also taken from here only Along with this Federal Scheme of government and Office of Governer is taken from here only Second source was The US Constitution, from here the important thing we took was the Fundamental Rights and judicial review, In government of India Act there were no provisions regarding Fundamental rights and fundamental duties So from 1950 only Indians have got their fundamental rights Next is Judicial Review, this ensures that, there should be now law that violates the Fundamental rights Apart from this the removal procedure of two very important post is taken from the US constitution only First is the removal procedure of the President which is called as Impeachment and the removal procedure of the judges of Supreme Court and High Court Along with this we have taken from the US constitution is Preamble of our Constitution and Independence of Judiciary


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