• HB 261: Limiting Eminent Domain
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    HB 261: Limiting Eminent Domain

    (light upbeat xylophone music) – Hi, I’m Nichelle Aiden at the Capitol with Representative Lyman to talk about House Bill 261 about eminent domain. Can you tell us about your bill? – Well, a few years ago, the Supreme Court made a decision that basically gave almost unlimited powers to municipalities and states to exercise eminent domain. So, a lot of states have responded with putting a little bit of rails on that authority, the idea being that eminent domain is a really powerful tool and so it should be used very responsibly, and this just gives some guidelines for the state on how to use eminent domain to take…

  • Can a City Use Eminent Domain to Keep a Horse Race from Leaving? [POLICYbrief]
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    Can a City Use Eminent Domain to Keep a Horse Race from Leaving? [POLICYbrief]

    There are a number of famous examples of cities trying to condemn businesses to keep them from moving. The most famous recent example is the so-far abortive attempt by the city of Baltimore to condemn the Preakness Stakes horse race to try to keep it from moving. The Preakness Stakes horse race takes place in Baltimore, Maryland, at the Pimlico Race Track. It is one of the three major competitive horse races in the U.S., part of the Triple Crown, along with the Belmont and the Kentucky Derby. The Pimlico Race Track where the Preakness is held is decaying and it’s in a bad neighborhood. The owners of the Preakness…

  • Articles

    Getting a Handle on the Bill of Rights – Part 2

    Last time… on Knowing Better… So I decided to spend this weekend making him a life preserver, since I’ll be working with my hands I figured I’d help you learn the Bill of Rights by using your hands as well. Now to the third amendment, stick with me this one gets a little weird. Where is the detonator? Then I’ll sew these up and add some snaps and stuff to it, and you’ll get to see it in action next week when I finish the bill of rights. So last week we got through the first four amendments of the bill of rights. To recap, the first amendment has five…

  • Kelo v. City of New London Summary | quimbee.com
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    Kelo v. City of New London Summary | quimbee.com

    Following the closure of a federal naval center in New London, Connecticut, the City faced significant economic challenges and eventually was designated a “distressed municipality” by the state. The City had been hoping to entice a large pharmaceutical company (Pfizer) to build a global research and development headquarters there. The state’s municipal development statute authorized taking private property for economic development projects, and the City promised to use its eminent domain power to acquire the land that would become part of the redevelopment area to benefit Pfizer. Officials claimed the project would benefit New London in the form of jobs, increased tax revenues, and the revitalization of economically depressed areas.…

  • A Grasp on the Bill of Rights
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    A Grasp on the Bill of Rights

    If you need to remember the Bill of Rights really quickly, using just your hands, here we go. The First Amendment has five rights: Speech, Press, Religion, Petition, and Assembly. The Second Amendment is your right to bear arms. The Third Amendment is your protection from quartering of troops. The Fourth Amendment is your protection from unreasonable search and seizure. The Fifth Amendment is your right to remain silent, protection from double jeopardy, and right to eminent domain. The Sixth Amendment right to a speedy trial by jury. The Seventh Amendment is your right to federally sue someone over $20. The Eight Amendment is your protection against cruel and unusual…

  • Pipelines and Eminent Domain [POLICYbrief]
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    Pipelines and Eminent Domain [POLICYbrief]

    Eminent domain is the power of the government to seize private property for public use. Eminent domain is restricted by U.S. and State Constitutions, which require that the private property owner be justly compensated for the taking. Eminent domain does undermine private property rights, almost by definition. But there are many limits to that. Historically, under the Common Law, there’s a bundle of rights we recognize with property and there’s a broad spectrum. Eminent domain could be a complete taking of the individual’s private property. That is, they are now removed from the property and no longer an owner and have no rights at all. Or it could be a…