• A Condensed History of the Spread of Christianity in Europe, the rise of feudalism, and more.
    Articles,  Blog

    A Condensed History of the Spread of Christianity in Europe, the rise of feudalism, and more.

    [Content_Types].xml _rels/.rels jH[{ l0/% word/document.xml DvWW |~xwy }91Y /LbgaZix qT>7O aG0D T:;: H4^j $Zx1 6.rOE : 9″ 6Y~o $f^/ &%cQI(o^ [email protected],, [email protected]: T#b# ‘,:c N^S$sj |t~~~ q2Pz6! qu7b=Z [email protected]#$ b]aq` !xl>s,*W_ hpy7x+ mFb=S6ys )aky R*){ )5&;& c_v. “N*F fi)Q LMq; [email protected]’+ q)%} *KP! R6{=A7lF GUJD! f[rc m:kO pd!8 a/8lVni s 0H ^{n| 7#V7 ww~w 6WGS&L+ @uHN }qgr i8a) B,wP`) |Yio 4a0~;:] zgR) `nij ur) Ezsp word/footnotes.xml :”3R* *wWT FQf-lxO {Ft1d [email protected]# 4(‘1,p YGQ) xRjN @:@hq word/footer1.xml U+7dJ `)# 40nj FmuCK +(o:+}J! word/theme/theme1.xml &%GyF l`)Y BVYT [`5P^ qUIE nQa%A ‘8=S fv., Sn_d zY(6i4[ }KpV ^EqM UyIG 4)Su UjT} word/settings.xml kPk’@Q jrX4 3`?, 0)U7*#+Es+ vr~^ jYIH O(qq$q d([h9$A Q`%x !xgE P?qf 9H|?…

  • Changing the Map of Europe Back to 1815
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    Changing the Map of Europe Back to 1815

    Here we have Europe, 2018, as recognized by most of the countries themselves. And this is how most of us are used to seeing the map of Europe today. But if we go back 200 years, to 1815, almost nothing was the same, and what was considered a normal map of Europe then would be completely unrecognizable for most of us looking on from the future. So let’s have a look, and redraw the map of Europe back to 1815! A very quick and simplified background before we start. In 1789, there was a revolution in France, and the king was executed. This led to a lot of political turmoil,…

  • WWI Battle of Mons Where Soldiers Claimed Divine Intervention
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    WWI Battle of Mons Where Soldiers Claimed Divine Intervention

    [MUSIC PLAYING] Throughout history, people have reported the presence of divine defenders, angels protecting them or fighting for them in the middle of battle. One of the most famous examples of this potential intervention is in the Battle of Mons between the British and German forces during World War I. On August 23, 1914, the British army, with support from France, attacked the German army which had just declared war on them a few weeks before. Hopes were high that the fresh British troops would prevail, especially with help from the French. The Battle of Mons with the last in four skirmishes that were referred to as the Battles of…

  • The Industrial Revolution: Crash Course European History #24
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    The Industrial Revolution: Crash Course European History #24

    Hi I’m John Green and this is Crash Course European History. So we’re going to turn our attention now to the Industrial Revolution, one of the most significant developments in human history. Like, imagine with me that it’s 1820. I got this idea from the economist Robert Gordon by the way. You live in, say, England. You probably work in agriculture. When you walk to town, you’re either pulling your own cart, or if you’re lucky you have a horse. You have no running water or electricity. When you wash your few items of clothing, you do so by hand. You cook over a fire. You think of time not…

  • English Civil War: Crash Course European History #14
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    English Civil War: Crash Course European History #14

    Hi I’m John Green and this is Crash Course European History. And as we saw last week, Absolutism was in the air during the seventeenth century, but not just in France. Across the English Channel, King James VI of Scotland became King James I of England after the death of the childless Elizabeth in 1603, and he found himself thinking, “You know, I might not agree with everything those French Catholics believe, but they are onto something when it comes to the Divine Right of kings to have absolute power.” The inhabitants of the British Isles, however, weren’t so sure. In fact, Protestant reformers were imagining a different idea of…

  • Jacques Delors on courage | 1989 [HD]
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    Jacques Delors on courage | 1989 [HD]

    And finally, as everyone here has been quick to say, the Community has for many years acted as a centre of gravity, a yardstick for freedom and for prosperity, and no doubt this has played a certain role in the events, which the peoples of Eastern Europe have triggered. If we fail to implement the decisions we have taken, we shall be incapable of making progress beyond 1992. It is said that luck can sometimes help, but that courage does so always. The peoples of Eastern and Central Europe have offered us the opportunity, It is we who must display the courage. My hope is that we shall display great…

  • Helmut Kohl on Freedom | 1989 [HD]
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    Helmut Kohl on Freedom | 1989 [HD]

    It has been the renewed dynamism of the process of European unification in recent years that has given the processes of reform in the countries of Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe such strong encouragement. We would therefore be making a bad mistake and completely misjudging the situation, if we were to deprive this process of European unification of its momentum at this of all times. Let all those who have doubts about the position of the Federal Republic of Germany take note: the Federal German Government stands by the Single Act and its goals in every respect. It is a staunch supporter of the completion of the European Union. We…