• IAS 2019 – Mindfulness intervention reduces viral load for men using meth
    Articles,  Blog

    IAS 2019 – Mindfulness intervention reduces viral load for men using meth

    The intervention that we tested was for HIV-positive men who have sex with men ñ so gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men ñ who use methamphetamines. One of the heartbreaking things with methamphetamine use is that people are less responsive to natural rewards. Like a beautiful sunset, or a nice meal, or a good talk with a friend. Weíre really trying to sensitize people to these non-drug sources of reward. So it hopefully makes meth a less dominant force in their life. My research is very much influenced by harm reduction. Much of drug treatment is telling people what they canít do, or what they should…

  • Samvidhaan – Episode 5/10
    Articles,  Blog

    Samvidhaan – Episode 5/10

    Once upon a time, coal miners took with them a canary. If oxygen levels dropped in the mines, the canary began tweeting, warning miners. The same can be said of minorities and downtrodden in a society. In an unhealthy, unethical society, the minorities are first to be affected. Perhaps that is why our Constitution makers were particular about granting rights specially to minorities and backward classes. The demand for political rights of minorities began as early as 1916. In response the British did not give them rights, but by providing separate electorates to 18 different religious groups and castes, divided them from one another. When in 1931 a separate electorate…

  • Samvidhaan – Episode 9/10
    Articles,  Blog

    Samvidhaan – Episode 9/10

    Our Constituent Assembly met in the Central Hall of this grand structure with its colonnade of 144 pillars. But do you know the number of pillars that support our Constitution? It is said that the Constitution of India stands on three pillars – the Legislature, the Judiciary and the Executive. Although, of late, a fourth pillar is also recognized – the Media. In 1942, socialist-economist and Gujarati playwright Prof K T Shah in a note, talked of the trinity of the Executive, Legislature and Judiciary. Dear Dr Rajendra Prasadji, as promised, I am enclosing a note on ‘general directives’ which I prepared last June at the behest of Pandit Nehru.…

  • Articles

    Samvidhaan – Episode 7/10

    No issue was as controversial as that of language. The official language, the provincial languages and the link language were all fiercely contested. There were many points of view. But the contentious claims for the national language, between Hindi, Hindustani and English began with the first session itself. On the 10th of December 1946, the second day of the session, when Dr. Sachchidananda Sinha was the pro tem Speaker, there was a strange interruption. Mr Chairman, I want that the amendment of … Does the Honourable Member not know English? I know English, but I want to speak in Hindustani. Many members do not know Hindustani, like Shri Rajagopalachari. Those…

  • Samvidhaan – Episode 8/10
    Articles,  Blog

    Samvidhaan – Episode 8/10

    Except for the empires of Ashoka and Aurangzeb, India was never as large geographically as in the British Raj. There were nearly 552 princely states allied to the British. When the time came for freedom from the British empire, many of these States wanted to remain independent while the Muslim League wanted a separate region for Muslims. If this wasn’t possible, the League demanded that India be partitioned into a Hindu-majority and two Muslim majority regions, each loosely connected to the Centre. A strange map of India was emerging. Besides these two assemblies, what about our demand for a sovereign independent Pakistan? Janab Qaid-e-Azam, if we succeed in making these…

  • Types of Majority mentioned in Indian Constitution
    Articles,  Blog

    Types of Majority mentioned in Indian Constitution

    Hello Friends, Welcome to PrepMate Classes! In this lecture, we will learn about types of majority. There are four types of majority. 1. Simple majority: Refers to majority among members present and voting. 2. Absolute majority: Refers to majority among the total strength of the house. 3. Effective majority: Refers to majority among then members of the house. 4. Special majority: is of three types: a) 2/3rd of members present and voting: b) 2/3rd of the members present and voting and not less than ½ of the total strength of the house: c) 2/3rd of total strength of the house Let us first understand absolute, effective and simple majority with…

  • Polity Lecture (IAS) : Sovereignty And The Constitution Of India (Preamble) || Likhaai
    Articles,  Blog

    Polity Lecture (IAS) : Sovereignty And The Constitution Of India (Preamble) || Likhaai

    Sovereignty and the Constitution of India. Let’s see the meaning of the word Sovereignty first. sovereignty literally means to possess supreme or ultimate power Over a state; to have a kind of authority over the state; to have authority over it. its a quality that whatever decision that you want to make there’s no one to question you that is what you should do? or what you should not do? or how you are doing it and why you are not doing it? it is something like that. In the Constitution of India on the first thing that is the preamble we have this word written as the first keyword…

  • Polity Lecture (IAS) : Constitution Of India : An Overview || Likhaai
    Articles,  Blog

    Polity Lecture (IAS) : Constitution Of India : An Overview || Likhaai

    The Constitution of India, as we know a Constitution of a Country is the supreme law of any Nation or it is also called as the most Fundamental Governing Document of a country It describes the type of polity which exists in a country that is, whether a country is a Democracy Or whether it is a Monarchy Or it could be a Military Rule or what ever kind of polity that exist in a country. It will be held by the constitution of the country It also tells, What kind of privileges are provided to the citizens of the nation? Whether they will be treated as equal? for example,…

  • Articles

    Samvidhaan – Episode 1/10

    We have here, ladies and gentlemen, an original copy of the Constitution of India. One of a 1000 made specially… …for the members of the Constituent Assembly. who toiled day and night for 3 years to complete this book. I present to you the Constitution of India! This is no ordinary book. It is a symbol of our nation. But have you ever wondered what exactly is a nation? Social scientists say that people of one race, one religion, one language, one flag and following one law constitutes a nation. But the Indian subcontinent with with its many languages, religions, cultures and races cannot be fixed into narrow definitions. Such…