• The Role of Local Government | City of Greater Dandenong
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    The Role of Local Government | City of Greater Dandenong

    Governments are groups of people given responsibility for looking after various aspects of our lives and the community. Governments are formed through fair and democratic elections. Voters choose which person they wish to represent them at all levels. Voting is compulsory for people over the age of 18. In Australia, there are three levels of government. The Federal Government looks after the whole of Australia. Their responsibilities include The State Governments look after individual states and territories. Victoria’s state government looks after services such as Local Government, such as the City of Greater Dandenong, looks after specific areas within each state. Each local government area varies in size and population.…

  • A Bill of Rights refresher | theSkimm
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    A Bill of Rights refresher | theSkimm

    The Bill of Rights are the first ten amendments of the Constitution. It lays out the specific rights that individuals have as citizens. The idea for the American Bill of Rights actually came from the British. George Mason helped give us the idea. And then James Madison put it into practice. Talk about teamwork. So the First Amendment is the freedom of Go express yourself. The Second Amendment spells out the right to bear arms. Hotly debated today. The Third Amendment prevents Americans from having to house soldiers. So basically the president can’t make your house a personal AirBnB. The Fourth Amendment says that the US government cannot put any…

  • Article I of the Constitution | US Government and Politics | Khan Academy
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    Article I of the Constitution | US Government and Politics | Khan Academy

    – [Instructor] Hey, this is Kim from Khan Academy, and today I’m learning about Article I of the U.S. Constitution. Article I is jam packed with information about how our government is supposed to work, but principally what it does is create the Legislative Branch of government, which includes the House of Representatives, and the Senate, which together, comprise the Congress of the United States. Article I also tells us how people can get elected to those bodies, and what powers Congress has. To learn more about Article I, I talked to two Constitutional experts. Ilya Somin is a professor of law at the Antonin Scalia Law School at George…

  • The House of Representatives in comparison to the Senate | US government and civics | Khan Academy
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    The House of Representatives in comparison to the Senate | US government and civics | Khan Academy

    – [Instructor] What I want you to do in this video is a little bit more of a deep dive into the House of Representatives. Now we’ve already talked about how either chamber of Congress can introduce general legislation. And if it gets approved by one chamber, it has to be voted on and approved by the other chamber. But the House of Representatives has some specific constitutional powers. So for example, impeachment proceedings would start in the House of Representatives. In other videos we have talked about impeachment is not the removal from office, of say the president, it is just a formal indictment. Now if the House of…

  • United States v.  Lopez | US government and civics | Khan Academy
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    United States v. Lopez | US government and civics | Khan Academy

    – [Instructor] What we’re going to do in this video is talk about a relatively recent U.S. Supreme Court case, and this is the United States versus Lopez, and the decision was made in 1995. And this is significant because many of the cases we have talked about are things that broadened the power of the federal government. While the decision in United States versus Lopez, which was a split decision, it was a five-to-four decision, put some limits on federal power. And so just to understand what happened. In 1990, the U.S. Congress passes the Gun-Free School Zones Act of 1990. And it says, “It shall be unlawful for…

  • The Preamble to the Constitution | US Government and Politics | Khan Academy
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    The Preamble to the Constitution | US Government and Politics | Khan Academy

    – [Sal] Hello, everyone, this is Sal here, and I’m here with Jeffrey Rosen who’s head of the National Constitution Center. What are we going to talk about today, Jeff? – [Jeff] We’re going to talk about the Preamble to the US Constitution. – [Sal] That sounds very important. – [Jeff] It is very important. The entire theory of popular sovereignty is contained within these beautiful words, so we’ve got a lot to talk about. – [Sal] And before we even get into it, what do you mean by the theory of popular sovereignty? – [Jeff] So the preamble begins with the famous words, ‘We the people of the United…

  • Democratic ideals of US government
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    Democratic ideals of US government

    – [Instructor] What we’re gonna do in this video is discuss some of the foundational ideas for the United States of America. And we could start at the most foundational of ideas and that’s the notion of natural rights. John Locke, one of the significant Enlightenment thinkers describes rights like life, liberty and you might expect me to say pursuit of happiness, which is what we see in the Declaration of Independence, but John Locke refers to life, liberty and property. But even though his version is a little bit different than what ends up in the Declaration of Independence, most historians believe that Thomas Jefferson was heavily influenced by…

  • Federalist No. 10 (part 2) | US government and civics | Khan Academy
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    Federalist No. 10 (part 2) | US government and civics | Khan Academy

    – [Instructor] In the part one video, we already saw James Madison and Federalist number 10. argue strongly that a republican form of government is better for addressing the issues of having an majority faction that might try to overrun minority groups. In this video, we’re going to continue to see that argument that not only is a republic better, but if you’re going to have a republic, it’s better to have a large republic. In the next place, as each representative will be chosen by a greater number of citizens in the large, the large republic, than in the small republic. It will be more difficult for unworthy candidates…

  • MOOC | The Fourteenth Amendment | The Civil War and Reconstruction, 1865-1890 | 3.4.1
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    MOOC | The Fourteenth Amendment | The Civil War and Reconstruction, 1865-1890 | 3.4.1

    >>In the spring of 1866, as we saw, an impasse had developed between the Republican majority in Congress and President Andrew Johnson over Reconstruction. And the impasse sort of increased the desire of many Republicans to put into the Constitution their understanding of the consequences of the Civil War — beyond the abolition of slavery, which had already been put into the Constitution — and to make that settlement, you know, beyond the ups and downs of Congressional majorities. The Civil Rights Bill had been passed, but it could be repealed by the next Congress. A piece of legislation is not nearly as permanent as a Constitutional amendment. And all…