• What is the Lemon Test?  Lemon v. Kurtzman [No. 86]
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    What is the Lemon Test? Lemon v. Kurtzman [No. 86]

    The Lemon Test is a three-part test that the Supreme Court uses to determine whether a law violates the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment, which says that “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof…” The three parts of the Lemon Test are as follows: first, a law must have a secular purpose; second, the law’s principal or primary purpose can neither advance nor inhibit religion; and, finally, the government may not be excessively entangled in religion. The Lemon Test came from the 1971 Supreme Court case, Lemon v. Kurtzman. At issue was whether the government could provide state funding to…

  • Freedom of Religion: Crash Course Government and Politics #24
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    Freedom of Religion: Crash Course Government and Politics #24

    Hi, I’m Craig, and this is Crash Course Government and Politics, and I’m excited. I’m excited because today, we start delving into Supreme Court jurisprudence, with the totally controversial topic of freedom of religion. Now, other than being fun to say, jurisprudence means all the important cases on a particular topic, but unfortunately, I’m only going to be talking about a couple of them, because they demonstrate how the Supreme Court reasons its way through a tricky issue. Jurisprudence. Jurisprudence. [Theme Music] So the Constitution deals with religion right there in the First Amendment, which is also the one that deals with speech and the press and assembly and petitions.…