Today, we will learn about the amendment process. An amendment is a change to the Constitution, and while the Constitution has been around for more than 200 years, we have only amended it 27 times. Adding an amendment to the Constitution is a two-part process, first an amendment must be proposed, and second it must be ratified. proposed means suggested and there are two ways an amendment can be suggested one Congress can propose an amendment this means that two thirds of the House
of Representatives, and two thirds of the Senate both have to agree on the amendment. An amendment can also be proposed by the special convention, if it is demanded by two-thirds of the states so, far we have never used the second
option all 27 amendments have been proposed by Congress, once an amendment has been proposed it has to be ratified, ratified means approve and there are also two ways to ratify an amendment: one, the amendment is sent to each State’s Legislature and they vote to ratify it or not. 3/4 of state legislatures have to vote in favor of an amendment to ratify it. two, the amendment could also be ratified at special conventions, if three-quarters of states agree this method has only been used once, while the first option has been used the other 26 amendments. For example the 21th
amendment repealed the 18th amendment which, had abolished the sale manufacture and transportation of alcohol in the United State. This amendment was proposed by Congress however, it is special because, it is the
only amendment to ever be ratified by special convention.