The Bill of Rights: an introduction | US government and civics | Khan Academy
Articles,  Blog

The Bill of Rights: an introduction | US government and civics | Khan Academy


– [Tutor] The Bill of
Rights, as we know it today were the first 10 amendments
to the Constitution and these amendments
guaranteed individual liberty to make sure that citizens
had stated expectation for what the government
could or could not do to them and you can kind of see here
in many of these rights, the legacy of the Revolutionary War and the kinds of government abuses, that citizens in the Colonies had feared. Now I’m going to go
over these very quickly, we’ll spend a lot more
time in other videos talking more about these amendments, but I wanna give you an overall sense of what they’re driving at. Now the first four amendments guarantee individual liberties, these are freedom of religion,
speech, press, assembly, freedom to ask the government
for redress of grievances or to deal with a problem, that the government may
have caused in your life, the right to bear arms
and assemble militias, state and local militias had
made the Revolutionary War a success for the United States, a ban on quartering soldiers in homes, recall that the Quartering Act, when the British government
said that the Colonies had to put up soldiers in their homes was a major driver of revolution and a ban on unreasonable
search and seizure, that is it would be necessary for the government to get a warrant to enter your home or to
search your belongings. The next four amendments
in the Bill of Rights deal with protections for
people accused of crimes and again, you see the legacy
of the Revolutionary War and the idea that the Crown had had too much power
to persecute individuals, so this includes things like
the right to due process, that is to make sure that all the steps of following the law are taken, a ban on being tried
twice for the same crime, rights to a speedy and public trial, a jury of your peers, to
even have a jury in cases, that don’t have to do with violent crimes, but rather civil disputes and a ban on excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment, basically this is a guarantee that the government will respect
the rights of individuals. Now, one of the arguments made against including a Bill of
Rights in the Constitution was that listing out those rights might then mean that
they were the only rights and that by listing out
these rights in particular, they might be forfeiting
their liberties in other ways, so the ninth and tenth amendments attempt to deal with that worry, they say in the ninth amendment, any right that isn’t listed here is still retained by the people, so this is not an exhaustive list, this is not the complete list of all the rights retained by the people and the tenth amendment
is slightly different, but kind of on the same line, they say that if this Constitution
has not delegated a right directly to the federal government, then that right is reserved
to the states or the people, so the federal government can only do the things that are listed
in this Constitution, it is a limited government,
limited by this document. On the other hand, the rights
of the people are unlimited, so if the Constitution doesn’t say that the federal government can do it, that’s then a right of
the states or the people.

5 Comments

  • Charles Brightman

    Read the Declaration Of Independence also: American citizens "have the right" to change or even abolish the government and set up a new government for their own "Safety and Happiness". So, if "We The People" are not 'safe and happy', let's change the Government so that we are. And 'if' the Government doesn't change, then abolish it and set up a new government that will make us 'safe and happy'. It's your 'Right' as an American citizen per the Declaration Of Independence.

  • Charles Brightman

    Consider also:
    Since the Government gets ALL their powers from "We The People", anything at all that the Government can do, so can every single American citizen with their "inherent powers". We choose not to exercise those powers so as to have a more orderly society and that the Government could take care of the day to day operations of the Government so we don't have to and could freely go about our daily lives. But if an American citizen wanted to, they could with their 'inherent powers' do anything at all that the Government is allowed to do. In addition, if the Government can keep things private, then so could every single American citizen because here again, the Government gets ALL their powers from "We The People". That, or the Government better be releasing ALL of their secrets, nothing at all would be private.

    And consider also: "IF" the President pardons himself, and as the Government gets ALL their powers from "We The People", then every single American citizen must also have an inherent right to pardon themselves from any laws that society sets up. So, "IF" the President ever pardons himself, then fling open the jail cells for every American citizen who decides to pardon themselves too with their own American citizens inherent powers.

    And as such, in this public forum, I do hereby declare myself pardoned from ALL of any citizen's laws, rules and regulations that ever were, are, or will be, (assuming the President ever actually pardons himself), but then again, I do anyway just because I inherently can as I too am an American citizen.

  • Sayien Creeper

    Thanks this really is a big help! I have a test tomorrow about the Bill of ,Rights and you just helped alot!! Keep up the good work! πŸ˜€πŸ˜€πŸ˜€πŸ˜€πŸ˜€

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *