The Hindu News Analysis | 1st November 2019 | Daily Current Affairs –  UPSC Mains – Prelims 2020
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The Hindu News Analysis | 1st November 2019 | Daily Current Affairs – UPSC Mains – Prelims 2020

Welcome to The Hindu News Analysis by
Shankar IAS Academy. Displayed a list of news articles taken for today’s analysis
and their page numbers in different editions of the newspaper. The link for
the handwritten notes and the time stamping of the news articles are
provided in the description section and for the benefit of smartphone users the
time stamping is also given in the comment section. Now let us move on to
the analysis of first news article. This news article states that the discussions
to finalize the nagas accord or the nagas agreement is
continuing. See this Naga accord is nothing but the Naga peace deal or the
Naga peace accord. This peace deal is expected to be a solution to the Naga
political problem it was expected that this peace deal would be concluded
yesterday as announced by the government know that it is not yet concluded so
before discussing the news article let’s first understand the background behind
this peace deal why is it needed even though Nagaland is a state under
the Indian Union and what is this Naga political problem see this political
problem of Nagas started way back in 1918 in 1918 the Naga Club was formed
the objective was to assist the British colonial administration but later this
naga club played a very important role in searching for a common naga identity
know that this Naga Club started the Nagas movement under the movement they
claimed a distinct or a specific ethnic identity for Nagas and they demanded an
independent homeland for the Nagas when we say Nagas we are referring to the
inhabitants and certain tribal populations living in Naga Hills which
is along the northeast frontier in the border between Assam and present-day
Burma frontier refers to the border separating two countries here simply
it’s a border in 1929 this naga club submitted a memorandum to the Simon
Commission the club emphasized that the Nagas and the Indians do not have any
common history that is they both of them are separate with no common history and
therefore Nagas should be given independent status then
in 1946 naga club was renamed and reorganized as naga national council
shortly called as NMC one person who played a very important rule in
reorganization of this club was a zit fizzle in June 1947 a 9-point agreement
was signed between naga national council and then governor of assam sir Egbert
Hydari this agreement recognized the right of Nagas to develop themselves
according to their freely elected wishes but there was one point or a clause that
created disagreements and divisions this is clause 9 of this Agreement because it
stated that after a period of 10 years the Naga National Council will be asked
whether the agreement shall be extended or a new agreement shall be arrived at
but this clause was interpreted differently the Naga National Council
interpreted this as an attainment of sovereignty by the Nagas that means
Nagas do have the right to out of the Indian Union after 10 years but
Government of India interpreted it as signing a new arrangement or a new
agreement within the Indian Union according to some history sources they
are saying that this agreement was seen as a dead letter by Indians here when we
say dead letter it means the agreement was not functional or defunct
in practice so because of this on August 14 1947 mr feasel along with eight other
naga leaders declared independence for Nagas but according to historians this
Naga independence was ignored by the outside world
then from 1940 the administration of Naga areas began
to change Indians took over the administration and they also took over
the posts which were held by Nagas in the past in January 1950 independence
was again declared by the Nagas after they conducted their own plebiscito when
we say plebiscite it simply means direct vote of all the
members of a particular electorate on a very important question of public
importance in our context this question was whether independence is needed for
Nagas or not but know that this plebiscite showed almost unanimous vote
in favor of Independence for Nagas but this was not recognized by Government of
India and rather Indian government gave the Naga Hills a status to be a part of
tribal areas of Assam what happened after this was Nagas launched a campaign
of civil disobedience in the same line of civil disobedience movement that was
used to achieve Indian independence as a part of this civil disobedience Nagas
withdrew from schools and administration and they refused to pay taxes to the
Government of India and they also declared the formation of an independent
government and also declared launching of violent insurrection insurrection
means a violent uprising against the government simply a strong insurgency
movement and it is also called as secessionist movement because they want
to secede from Indian government by declaring independence because of the
launch of violent insurrection the leaders of Naga National Council were
arrested and 16 tribal councils under the control of this council were
abolished in this scenario the government of India followed two-track
policy on one hand Government of India made it clear that it would firmly
oppose the secessionist or separatist demand of naga areas for independence
and it will not tolerate violence so when a section of Nagas organized armed
struggle at that time Government of India retaliated by sending Indian Army
to Naga land in early 1956 this move was called by
the government to restore peace law and order in the area on the other hand the
government realized that military action will not result in winning the hearts of
people of nagas so a friendly approach was carried out by then Prime Minister
mr. Jawaharlal Nehru now with respect to integration of
people of Naga with the idea of India historians provide the same status as
they gave to serve their Vallabhbhai Patel with respect to integrating the
princely states into Indian Union to Java Harlem arrow with respect to
integrating the hearts of Naga people with Indian Union Nehru favored to
maintain the naga autonomy in culture and other matters this was to be done by
giving them a large degree of autonomy on certain matters so the then Prime
Minister Prime Minister Nehru carried out negotiations with certain Naga
leaders who were moderate nonviolent or non separatist know that Nehru did not
negotiate with Visa or his supporters because they took arms or they carried
out armed rebellion so because of this some moderate leaders you know headed by
dr. M conch liebe Oh came to the front and they negotiated for the creation of
nagaland state within the Indian Union and therefore the state of nagaland came
into existence in the year 1963 but that was not an end to the Naga movement
because majority of Nagas inhabited areas were left outside the new state so
1964 the Government of India formed a three man Peace Commission or a Nagaland
Peace Commission this commission signed a ceasefire agreement with mr feasel
here ceasefire means a temporary suspension of fighting in other words it
also means agreeing for a truce even after the ceasefire several efforts to
bring a permanent settlement to this political problem has failed because the
two sides could not agree on a formula for settlement then in 1975 Shillong
Accord was signed in which Naga National Council agreed to give up arms and to
accept Indian Constitution but he had to NNC
members revolted against this move they are three AIESEC xishi su and sri th
moira they termed Shillong occurred as a sellout or a betrayal on the naga
sovereignty demand so they themselves along with their supporters they formed
National Socialist Council of nagaland that is Ennis e’en in the year 1980 with
another leader SS Kaplan however this NSE and split 1988 because of leadership
differences into Ennis Ian IEM and NSE and kk4 Kaplan I for Isaac I am for
Moira however after this the I said Moyer faction emerged as the major
insurgent group they succeeded in integrating rival Naga ethnic groups
they were able to integrate them by holding several people’s consultative
groups meetings across Naga inhabited areas they demanded Nagas limb which
means greater Nagaland so now this means integration of Naga inhabited areas in
the state of Assam Arunachal and Manipur with Nagaland so to attain a solution
the Government of India and national socialist Council of nagaland concluded
dialogues on Naga political issue in August 2015 by signing an agreement this
agreement is called as a framework agreement this is known as Nagas peace
accord and whatever that is to be signed hereafter is a continuation of this naga
peace accord only so the August 2015 Accord was signed by governments
interlocutor for Naga peace talks Sri are and Ravi on behalf of en Sen the
agreement was signed by I said she she sue and Moira this August 2015 agreement
was expected to end the oldest insurgency in the country now the term
the oldest insurgency is the expression given by the Government of India that
agreement was aimed to provide a life of dignity life of opportunity and equity
for the Naga people this was to be done inconsistent with the uniqueness of Naga
people and their culture and traditions but know that the agreement did not come
into force because of Andrea ballistic demands of enison a.m. faction
or in other words simply call this a machine they issued statements by
claiming that they wanted a separate Constitution a separate flag and also
integration of all contiguous Naga inhabited areas under Naga limb or the
greater Nagaland see if Naga limb has to be established then it means the Naga
inhabited areas in the states of Assam Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur has to be
integrated so this will lead to territorial disintegration or division
in these three states and know that these states are opposing such
territorial divisions and it is not yet clear whether such a division will be
carried out or not but there are some speculations that the center and NECN
has reached an agreement that there will be some redrawing of boundaries of the
states with a sizeable naga population today’s news article notes that the
National Socialist Council of nagaland is demanding Naga Lamar return a gallon
by saying that it wants to unite 1.2 million Nagas that is around 12 lakh
Naga population but the news article also states that the center has ruled
out this integration of the neighboring states
this statement is based on a clarification by Ministry of Home
Affairs the clarification mentioned that before any settlement is arrived with
the naga groups all stakeholders including the states of Assam Manipur
and Arunachal Pradesh will be duly consulted and their concerns will be
taken into consideration in today’s news article also states that the discussions
to attain a solution is still going on or still continuing in the naga
interlocutor RN Ravi has said that NSE and IM had come on board with the
government interlocutor means one who is consistently involved in the
negotiations between Government of India and this NSE and faction in this context
he also noted that there will be no separate flag or separate Constitution
for Nagas as demanded by NSEL and know that mr. R and Ravi is the governor of
nagaland no news article also notes that it is not clear if the Accord would be
signed before number 2 this is because our prime minister is
leaving for tile to attend the 16th ASEAN India summit
14th East Asia Summit and the third our sub summit so this rarely expected that
the Accord will be signed today and mostly expected that it will be the
process will begin once our Prime Minister comes back to India so these
are some of the information with respect to the analysis of this news article
kindly bear with us when we discuss some articles in detail particularly we may
talk the background of the articles and this may lead to increase in the video
length on certain days and this point and this topic is also important from
the mains perspective as we have linked the syllabus particularly under gs1 in
post independent consolidation and reorganization of states and also with
reference to extremism and internal security challenges in gs3 now let us
move on to the analysis of next news article these news articles are with
reference to the recent snooping incidents wherein members of civil
society across the world were kept under surveillance allegedly by using the
technical inputs and support from Israeli technological firm the syllabus
relevant for the analysis of these news articles have been highlighted here for
your reference when we say snooping it refers to encroaching or invading the
privacy of another person or getting unauthorized access to the private
matters of other individual the news article mentions that by using a spyware
named as Pigasus the snooping incidents were carried out now some of the
stakeholders of civil society who are affected are journalists lawyers or
attorneys and persons who are working for the protection of rights of persons
belonging to the Scheduled Castes and also the human rights defenders so what
is a spyware see spyware is one of a malware it is a malware malware is
nothing but a malicious software this malware is simply a program or a file
that is designed to disrupt to damage and to gain
unauthorized access to a computer system or a smartphone for that matter spyware
is one such malicious software which will snoop into the private life of
persons by using inbuilt camera in a smartphone or a laptop or by using voice
recorder in smartphone or laptop and by using similar technical features in a
computer or smartphone and as the name suggests it is a malicious software that
gets installed on a device without the consent of the user or without the
knowledge of the user once installed it gathers information from the system and
sends such information to its required entity without the consent of the user
or without the knowledge of the user the spyware attacks is also one of the
prevalent forms of cyber attack and according to the statement made by
whatsapp in its complaint filed in a court in United States Pigasus spyware
was developed by an Israeli technology firm called us
ENSO group this spyware exploited a vulnerability in what subs video call
feature this swaller ability in whatsapp allowed cyber attackers to inject
Pigasus onto the phones simply by making a call to the target
device even though the call is not answered Pigasus will infect the target
device once Pigasus is installed it can access the users private data including
passwords contact lists calendar events text messages live voice calls including
you know from other applications such as Facebook or telegram etc and it can also
on its phone operate the microphone or voice recorder in the mobile phone or
the infected system to spy on the various activities of the users a news
article mentions that the alleged group called us NSO group the group in itself
claims that its products are used exclusively by government intelligence
and law enforcement agencies for the purpose of fighting crime and terror
when such a firm says it’s spywares or its products are used only by government
intelligence and law enforcement agencies this leads to a question which
government intelligence agency has looped in to the members of civil
society in Indian country the central government has denied any role in the
snooping incident of the members of civil society and in fact the centre has
sought an explanation from what’s up regarding the nature of the breach that
has happened and the safeguards that are provided by Watson to protect the
privacy of millions of Indian users and the government has also said that it was
committed to protecting the fundamental rights of citizens and we know that even
right to privacy is a implied fundamental right and radically 21 of
Indian Constitution government officials have said that they would take strict
action against any intermediary who’s responsible for breach of privacy of
citizens we are talking about the government that has drafted the
information technology intermediaries guidelines amendment rules 2018 which we
have discussed in detail on 24th october the hindu news analysis the central
government asks the intermediaries be telecom intermediary or social media
intermediary to decrypt the end-to-end encrypted gist to the government
whenever needed under certain circumstances the draft rules enacted by
the central government states that any information that violates any laws in
force shall not be displayed uploaded shared or transmitted by the users of
the intermediary okay anyhow by January 2020 we can expect these draft rules and
other set of rules to govern the social media intermediaries now the officials
after these snooping incidents have stated that government agencies have a
well established protocol for interception when we say protocol there
is a procedure that includes permission that the sanction and supervision from
highly ranked officials in Central and state governments for a number of
situations for example in the national interest now let us see few components
of these protocols that are followed by the center and the states this protocol
are based on the sections and rules given in the Indian Telegraph Act of
1885 and the Indian Telegraph amendment rules of 2007 section 5 of the Indian
Telegraph Act speaks about the power of government to order interception of
messages so according to this section in the event of any public emergency or in
the interest of Public Safety or in the interest of sovereignty and integrity of
India or for the security of the state or for friendly nations with foreign
States or public order or for preventing incitement to the commission of an
offense here if you take public order it is subject to different interpretations
and the reasons to intercept has to be given in writing so for these reasons
the central government or a state government or any officer specially
authorized for this purpose by central or state government they may direct
interception or blocking of any message that is received by any Telegraph and
all these messages shall be disclosed to the government and the direction also
includes from such a Telegraph certain messages shall not be transmitted also
here when we say Telegraph we should know that it means any appliance or
instrument or material or apparatus that is used or capable for transmission or
reception of signs signals right writing images or sounds or intelligence by way
of visual or other electromagnetic emissions radio waves and etc so by the
simple definition of Telegraph it obviously includes computers and
while phones whenever we read section 5 of Indian Telegraph Act we have to read
along with section 419 capital a of Indian Telegraph rules 1951 which was
amended by the Indian Telegraph amendment rules of 2007 it says that the
direction for interception under Section 5 may normally be issued only by Union
Home Secretary at the centre or a state home secretary at the level of state
governments by the Union Home Secretary or a state home secretary however in
unavoidable circumstances a lawful order can be issued by an officer not below
the rank of a joint secretary to the Government of India who has been
authorized by the Union or State Home Secretary for appropriate purposes here
unavoidable circumstances could refer to situations where in remote areas where
obtaining prior directions for interception of messages is not feasible
right now let us also discuss few provisions given under ID Act of 2000
that is Information Technology Act of 2000 let’s discuss section 69 of this
Act it empowers the central government and the state governments to issue
directions for monitoring interception decryption of any information that is
transmitted or received or stored through a computer again this is also
for the interest of sovereignty and or integrity of India security of state
friendly relations with foreign States or public order or for preventing
incitement to the commission of any cognizant offence with reasons that are
to be recorded in writing and if a person in charge of a computer resource
fails to assist the investigating agency or authorized agency the person shall be
punished with an imprisonment that may extend to seven years now section 69 of
ID Act has to be read along with the provisions given under IT rules 2009
these are rules with respect to the procedure and safeguards for
interception monitoring and decryption of information here rule for states that
competent authority who was Union Home Secretary or State
Home Secretary this Authority may authorize an agency of the government to
intercept or monitor or decrypt information for the purposes specific
under Section 16 n of that these are the purposes that we have seen just now for
example defense of India or security of the state
so this IT rules 2009 it deals with provisions such as who may issue
directions of interception and monitoring how such directions are to be
executed how much time how long they can remain in operation and to whom the data
may be disclosed and various confidential various confidentiality
obligations of intermediaries and oversight or supervision of interception
and it’s directions interception and interception directions it shall be
carried out by review committee and other things and in this context we
should also know about an important notification issued by Union Home
Ministry in December 2018 this order authorized 10 security and intelligence
agencies to intercept monitor and decrypt any information that is
generated transmitted received or stored in any computer resource these agencies
are Intelligence Bureau Narcotics Control Bureau Enforcement Directorate
Central Board of Direct Taxes Directorate of Revenue intelligence
central bureau of investigation naa that is national investigation
agency cabinet Secretariat raw division research and analysis wing Directorate
of signal intelligence for service areas of Jammu and Kashmir northeast and Assam
and more importantly the Commissioner of Police Delhi so when you read the term
protocol in the news article they are referring to these procedures that we
have just now discussed so the recent breach in privacy using Pigasus spyware
shows the vulnerability of social media platforms and social media
intermediaries for example whatsapp and tragic among this is that the targets of
these fibres or members of civil society such as human
rights defenders journalists and people who are working for the protection of
oppressed sections and all these people are sacrificing their lives for making
this world a better place to live we should also see this event as not just
violation of right to privacy of individuals but this is also a grave
threat to democratic values because most of the targets are known for showing
descent or dissident or disagreement to the government policies so that means
these are actions that aim to suppress the voices of disagreement or even
constructive criticism so while it is very important for the civil society to
remain safe it is also the duty of the government to ensure adequate safeguards
to protect the privacy of our citizens and also it is the duty of social media
intermediaries to make their networks and systems foolproof and without any
vulnerability for intrusions the second article with focus on Maharashtra is
because of an opinion that many human rights offenders do belong to
Maharashtra who are affected by the snooping incidents using Pigasus however
the Home Department of the state government has said that it is not aware
of any such activity involving private or government organizations with respect
to snooping the article mentions that the process of phone tapping is carried
out using a well-laid protocol and even if the state government has to intercept
information it has to be based on the provisions that we have discussed with
respect to the Telegraph Act and the Telegraph rules anyhow in the days to
come we will get to know which government agency or which entity has
spied on the members of civil society all over the world provided the
complaint filed by what’s up in US Court makes a remarkable progress these are
some of the information with respect to the analysis of these two news articles
now let us move on to next article this news article is about creative cities
network of UNESCO the syllabus relevant for the analysis of this news article
has highlighted here for your reference
first let’s have a brief look about creative cities network of UNESCO and
then we will proceed to the news article so what is this creative cities network
it is an initiative that was created by UNESCO in the first decade of 21st
century that is in 2004 the main aim for creating this network is to promote
cooperation among cities that have identified creativity as a main factor
for sustainable urban development that is why it is called us creative cities
network this network will act as a ground of action and innovation
especially for the implementation of 2030 agenda for sustainable development
here under STG goals we have a specific goal with respect to cities that is goal
number 11 which is to make cities and human settlements inclusive safe
resilient and sustainable by the year 2030
so as on 31st October 2019 as per UNESCO there are 246 cities in this creative
cities network all these cities work together for a common objective at local
level and at international level at local level the objective is to place or
to how creativity and cultural industries at the heart of urban
development plans and at the international level these cities with
cooperate actively to achieve the same objective in the local level so by
joining the network the cities will share their best practices and they will
develop partnerships that will involve public and private sectors and also the
civil society to carry out certain actions now these are actions to
strengthen creation production distribution and dissemination of
cultural activities cultural goods and services and these actions also include
developing hubs of creativity and innovation and broadening opportunities
for creators and professionals in the cultural sector then to improve access
to cultural life and improving the participation in cultural
particularly for marginalized or vulnerable groups and individuals and
one more important action is to fully integrate culture and creativity in the
sustainable development plans this network covers seven creative fields one
is crafts and folk arts then media arts then film design gastronomy literature
and music here gastronomy refers to the practice or the art of choosing cooking
and eating good food know that every year world cities Day is celebrated on
31st of October this observation has started since 2014 based on a resolution
passed by United Nations General Assembly in December 2013 the general
theme of world cities day every year is better city better life however
something under this general theme will vary every year to promote successes of
urbanization or to address specific challenges resulting from urbanization
this year’s sub Themis changing the world innovations and better life for
future generations now let us see the news articles on the occasion of world
cities Day on 31st October it is announced that Hyderabad is selected as
UNESCO creative city in gastronomy category so from now on Hyderabad is a
city of gastronomy it is one among the sixty-six cities that have been
designated as creative cities this year know that in India Mumbai is also one
among these 66 cities Mumbai is designated as creative city in the film
category apart from these two cities there are already three Indian cities
which are part of this creative cities Network
they are Chennai Varanasi and Jaipur Chennai and Varanasi represent the music
category or city of music whereas Jaipur represents crafts and
folk arts category so totally five Indian cities are part of this creative
cities Network earlier there were around 180 cities in this network with the
addition of 66 more cities in this year as
now there are two four to six cities at the world level which are part of this
network the news article mentions that Hyderabad city received this UNESCO
recognition because of the incredible range of food it have it says Hyderabad
as a city of Briana’s kebabs Halim Callooh chicapu and chalky dinners
and the delegation which represented Hyderabad City to UNESCO states that
pre-islamic kakatiya cuisines of 12th century have interacted in an incredible
fashion with the arrival of Turks in the 15 century followed by Mughal influences
in the 7th century the news article mentions that food is an integral part
of culture in Hyderabad until 1940 there were no restaurants however now there
are around 1 lakh food carts that have been mapped in Hyderabad news article
also states that the food culture has been preserved in homes and Royal
kitchens earlier so in the analysis of this news article we saw about the in US
Co initiative of creative cities Network and five cities from India which are
part of this network with the special reference to Hyderabad the city of
gastronomy in India now let us move on to the analysis of next news article
this news article states that Beijing illegally holds parts of Indian
territory the syllabus relevant for the analysis of this news article has been
highlighted here for your reference the news article reports the reactions from
Chinese side in response to the reorganisation of the erstwhile state of
Jammu and Kashmir we know that as per the reorganization act of gnk 2019
that is the J&K reorganization act 2019 the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir
was bifurcated into two union territories one unit area of Jammu and
Kashmir then unit entry of Ladakh this bifurcation has come into effect
yesterday that is on 31st October 2019 on the occasion of Rashtriya 8 the
which in English is the national unity day see this National Unity Day is
celebrated in the honor of the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
China has stated the reorganization of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh as void
that means it is not valid or not legally binding and Chinese spokesperson
highlights that the Ladakh region contains Chinese territories and urge
India to respect Chinese sovereignty and territorial integrity see here the
Chinese official is referring to the exciting region of Union Territory of
Ladakh and shucks CIM Valley of Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir and they
are claiming these territories as Chinese sovereign territories you can
see these territories in the diagram here the border line which is on the
outer side which is claimed by India to be the border between India and China is
also called as Johnson’s line and the present border between India and China
which is claimed by Chinese side is called as line of actual control or also
called as McDonald’s line and note that the border of Arunachal Pradesh with
China in the eastern side is called as Mac Mahon line you should note that
oxygen sacks komali both these territories are part of Earth’s 12
princely state of Jammu and Kashmir that joined with Union of India in 26 27
October 1947 therefore both these territories in
Jammu and Kashmir are under illegal occupation and illegal administration of
China and therefore these territories or sovereign territories of Republic of
India that is why the article mentions that the Ministry of External Affairs of
India has argued that China is an illegal position of parts that are parts
of first well state of Jammu and Kashmir the Minister has also warned the other
countries including China to respect India’s internal matters and sovereignty
and other countries should not comment on the internal matters of India justice
India refrains from commenting on the internal issues of other kin
tres now let us see how China got these two territories seen 1962 China
unilaterally inverted the territory of Jammu and Kashmir and captured oxygen
sea oxygen at that time formed 20% of then Jammu and Kashmir capturing oxygen
gave a big foothold in Jammu and Kashmir and because of the geographical
significance and because of the altitude of oxygen it is also said that at
present the oxygen area acts as a watchtower for China for the entire
region of Central Asia now the reasons for the 1962 sino-indian war are mainly
territorial disputes between the two nations and also India’s support for
independent Tibet at times and also India support for Tibetan leader Dalai
Lama see these are the main reasons the war actually ended with the retreat of
Chinese forces just to the line of actual control which is the MacDonalds
line and India has failed to reclaim the area which was occupied by the China
during the war that is the exciting area now let us see how China got this shucks
come Valli see Pakistan has illegally invaded Indian region in 1947
immediately in the next few months of Indian independence and they occupied
Indian territory of Jammu and Kashmir which is presently under illegal
occupation of Pakistan and therefore it is called as Pakistan Occupied Kashmir
when in 1963 there was an illegal agreement with China from the side of
Pakistan that is see no Park agreement of 1963 and by this Agreement this
shucks come Valley is ceded to China since then China is illegally
administering the shucks come Valley region see this region is geographically
around some 5000 square kilometer so these are some of the information with
respect to the analysis of this news article now let us move on to the
analysis of next news article this news article is based on recently published
National Health profile 2019 the syllabus relevant for the analysis has
been highlighted here for a reference see this National Health profile is the
14th edition of NH it is the annual publication of Central
Bureau of Health intelligence which is under Ministry of Health and Family
Welfare this National Health profile provides comprehensive information
related to health sector it gives vital information on all major
health sector related indicators socio-economic indicators demographic
indicators health status health finance health infrastructure and human
resources required for health sector all these parameters and indicators are
covered see such a profile is important because an updated and reliable health
database is the foundation of decision-making across all sectors of
health system and such profile such updated information is essential for
development and implementation of policies in health sectors then matters
pertaining to governance and regulation in health sector health resource human
resource development health education and training health service delivery and
also fund allocation and financing the health sector now let us look into some
of the important findings of this profile with respect to the news article
one is sex ratio see sex ratio describes the number of females per thousand of
males in 1991 it was 926 females against thousand males and since 1991 there has
been increase from 926 to 933 in 2001 then 943 in 2011 between 2001 and 2011
sex ratio has increased from 946 to 949 in rural areas and in the same period in
urban areas the improvement has been to the tune of 29 points from 900 to 929
here we can know that sex ratio in rural areas in India is much better than that
of urban areas these information are based on NHP 2019 now let us see the
facts with respect to sex ratio in terms of states and union territories see
Kerala has recorded the highest sex ratio of thousand eighty-four among the
rural population in Kerala in 78 and urban population it is
thousand 91 this is followed by Pulitzer II where it is thousand 37 for all other
states and union territories it is less than thousand only the lowest sex ratio
was reported by the union territory of Daman and Diu to the tune of around 618
females four thousand Mills this is followed by Chandigarh where it is 818
and NCT Delhi 868 on the border Nicobar Islands 876 Haryana 879 gnk 889 cecum
890 Punjab identified now these numbers are not that significant but what you
have to keep in mind is note these union territories and States these are less
than nine hundred four thousand miles now let us analyze the data with respect
to birth rate and death rate and also natural growth rate see birth rate is
the number of live births per thousand persons in a year similarly death rate
is number of deaths per thousand persons in a year see if the birth rate is
higher than the death rate obviously population in a country increases and
when we say natural growth rate it is nothing but the difference between birth
rate and death rate and this national health profile states that estimated
birth rate declined from twenty five point eight in two thousand to twenty
point four in 2016 during the same period that is from two thousand to
twenty sixteen death rate also declined from eight point five to six point four
per thousand persons so the trend is that since 2000 there is decline both
rates also the natural growth rate declined from seventeen point three in
2002 fourteen in 2016 here fourteen is nothing but twenty point four – six
point four twenty point four is the birth rate in 2016 6 point 4 is the
death rate in 2016 so all the three rates are declining now let us analyze
the findings with respect to total fertility rate the total fertility rate
is the average number of children who will be born to a woman during her
lifetime this is the definition given by n HP 2019 the TFR for the country was
two point three during 2016 rural areas it was 2.5 no but it was 1.8
so when we analyzed these information mostly the trends are important and
important values you have to keep in you may use an introduction or conclusion in
the means answer writing or in the essay writing now with respect to total
fertility rate we also hear about replacement level fertility rate see a
total fertility rate of 2.1 children per woman is called as replacement level
fertility it is the level of fertility at which a population exactly replaces
the previous generation in other words it is the level of fertility at which a
population exactly replaces itself from one generation to the next in Bihar the
total fertility rate is three point three in U P it is three point one and
for lowest total fertility rate we can say Delhi Tamilnadu and West Bengal all
of them have one point six now let’s come to the literacy rate so who’s
illiterate who can be treated as literate see as per census a person aged
seven and above who can both read and write with the understanding in any
language is treated as literate now as per NHP the literacy rate of the country
has increased to the tune of 8.2 percent during the decade 2001 to 2011 and over
a literacy rate of India 73 percent for males it is 80 point nine percent for
females it is sixty four point six percent rural literacy rate is 67.8%
urban literacy rate is eighty four point one percent so here we can say that men
and urban population are having better access to education or are better in
terms of literacy rate over women or females and rural population the leaders
with respect to literacy rate of Kerala with 94 percent then Mizoram with 91.3%
least performance with respect to literacy rate our mirror with 61.8%
then our natural birth a sixty five point four percent then Rajasthan at
sixty six point one percent note that the values Q n by n HP is not
overlapping exactly with the value is given by the census 2011 according to
census 2011 the literacy rate has improved by nine
point two one percentage points during 2001 to 2011 so there is discrepancy in
reporting of data and there may be certain reasons for such discrepancies
one of the reason could be the methodology adopted by n HB 2019 now
using this n HB 2019 we can also say that non communicable diseases
dominate over the communicable diseases in the total disease burden of the
country and one important fact is that this NH p has also compiled a detailed
data on health manpower availability in public sector there are around 11.5 lakh
allopathic registered doctors in India and a registered eye doctors as on
January 1 2018 was around 8 lakhs when we say oils doctors this include oil
veda naturopathy and yoga Unani Siddha and homeopathy one important fact is
that more than 55% of Irish doctors are from a single branch which is Ayurvedic
so these are some of the information that we can take from the analysis of
this news article we saw about what does NHP what is an HP 2019 who publishes it
then we analyzed factors with respect to sex ratio birth rate death rate natural
growth rate total fertility rate literacy rate and also we saw that non
communicable diseases dominate over communicable diseases then
you saw few data about health manpower availability in public sector we have
come to the last session the practice questions discussion session we are
happy to bring back or earlier format of practice questions discussion so as to
satisfy the preparation requirement of our viewers now let’s go to the first
question this question is with reference to creative cities network initiative of
inner scope we know that Hyderabad was recently included in this network they
have given five cities and are asking which of the following cities in India
is or are part of UNESCO’s creative cities network in music category first
let’s see whether is there any possibility to eliminate and arrive at
the correct answer see we know that Hyderabad was included in this network
as a city of gastronomy or under gastronomy category so Hyderabad should
not come under music category so any options should not have the number three
so there way you can eliminate option a option be an option D so the correct
answer for this question is option C one and five only now see creative cities
network was created by UNESCO in 2004 the aim is to promote cooperation among
the cities who identified creativity as a strategic factor for sustainable urban
development for implementing the agenda of sustainable development 2030 we know
that goal number 11 deals with making cities inclusive safe resilient and
sustainable by 2030 this network covers seven creative fields in question we
there is given music category we discussed about gastronomy category and
there are crafts and folk arts category media arts category Film category design
category and literature category five Indian cities are part of this network
under four categories Jaipur City under crafts and folk arts category Mumbai
under film category Hyderabad under gastronomy category Chennai and Varanasi
under music category so the correct answer for this question is option C one
and five only that is Varanasi and Chennai are part of UNESCO’s creative
cities network in music category now let us move on to next question this
question is with reference to Pegasus what is Pegasus that is often mentioned
in the news it is the robot developed by NASA for its upcoming manned space
mission no it is not it is a new add to surface anti-radiation missile developed
by India see this missile is called as new generation and T radiation missile
NGA RM third option it is a spyware that was installed in smartphones by
exploiting a vulnerability in whatsapp application now this answer is correct
and it is alleged by watts of that spyware was developed by an Israeli
technological firm called as NSO group using this fiber the mobile phones and
systems of several members of civil society in India and abroad were hacked
and were under surveillance this fiber has actually exploited the
watts of video called feature to enter into the smartphone’s so the correct
answer here is option C C the last option it says it is the rover developed
by Israel for its Mars orbiter mission – now this statement in itself is wrong
and with respect to chandrayaan-2 moon mission of India office row name of the
rover was bragging and the name of the lander was Vikram in 2018 if you see
there was a question on internet of things so we can expect questions in
these lines now let us move on to next question in this question they have
given regions on one side and the names of union territories on the other hand
they’re asking that which of the above given pairs is sir or incorrectly
matched we can expect such geography based questions see this question is
based on the locations that we frequently see in the news article note
that chucks komali is part of Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir oxygen is
part of Union Territory of Ladakh and she action region including the
strategic Kumar post this part of union territory of Iraq also Lube reveille
nubra River which is a tributary of shock river is also located in Union
Territory of Ladakh so we have discussed nubra valley and shock river during our
hindu news analysis on 22nd october 2019 so in this question if you see all the
pairs are correctly matched but note that questions asks for incorrectly
matched pairs none of the pairs are incorrectly
matched correct answer is option B now this is a practice question that is
based on geography they have given four states and are asking to arrange them
geographically from south to north we know that Arunachal Pradesh is in the
north so one should come under the right hand side
to correspond to north so that means we can eliminate option A and D if you see
options B and C now confusion is between Manipur and Nagaland we should know that
Nagaland is north to money poor or money poorest south to Nagaland so the correct
answer for this question is option B 2 3 4 1 with this we come to the end of
today’s the Hindu news analysis if you liked the video click the like button
comment share and subscribe Lucian Krays Academy YouTube channel for more updates
and content on civil service exam preparation


  • Shankar IAS Academy

    Handwritten Notes in PDF Format:
    Handwritten Notes convenient for printing:
    i) Single side per page –
    ii) Double side per page –

    Time Stamping of news articles: (For Mobile phone viewers, time stamping is given in the Comment Section)
    1. NSCN-IM taking part in peace talks: Ravi – 00:35
    2. Govt. questions WhatsApp after spyware is used for snooping – 14:14
    3. Maharashtra officials deny any role – 14:14
    4. Hyderabad figures in Unesco list – 28:44
    5. ‘Beijing illegally holds parts of Indian territory’ – 34:37
    6. Sex ratio improves in country; birth and death rates dip – 39:33
    7. Practice cum Revision – MCQs – 48:04
    Important topics such as #NagaPeaceAccord #PegasusSpyware #UNESCOcreativeCities #JandK #NationalHealthProfile are vividly discussed in UPSC Perspective in this video.

    Link for 22nd October 2019 (For Siachen, Nubra Valley, Shyok River) –

    Link for 24th October 2019 (Draft Information Technology [Intermediaries Guidelines (Amendment) Rules] 2018) –

    Link for daily ‘The Hindu’ news analysis –

    Practice Prelims Questions for Prelims 2020
    Part I –
    Part II –
    Part III –

  • Arhakarapprvvha Dasarathan

    I love it .. such a beautiful and great work done by the media team and thanks to shankar ias. I'm a slow learner . The voice modulation here with with you tube speed control gives a exact pitch in output according to the learning process .

    The pdf given by shankar ias for this is so valuable to the preparation .

    Thank you Madam/sir .

    Special Thanks to civilpedia of shankar ias team .

  • Shivani Wadhwa

    Thanku so much… But pls discuss the mains practice questions too… It becomes so easy when u explain the things like this… Thanku😊😊😊

  • nahid valiyaveetil

    kindly provide valuable cse knowledge without considering length of video…..may i know please how can i contact you sir for correcting my answers of daily analysis questions

  • Md Azher Uddin

    Excellent analysis sir..
    Thanks a lot to all the Daily news analysis members for providing such a fabulous contents…

  • Harekrushna Acharya

    Sir we are quite greatful with your elaborate discussion as it gives us a clear picture of the issues..thank you 🙏🙏

  • suresh chandra jat

    Thank u so much sir please carry on and also try to upload two questions out of articles with solutions mains exam.

  • suresh chandra jat

    Sir please upload two mains practice question with solution each and every day iut of analysis because i always shares this one my 15 friends circle i also request to team shankar ias please guide to us one eassy writing in each week.

  • kanishka chauhan

    sir can you please write all the necessary details beforehand itself , because if they are added during the video we don't get them in the pdf.

  • Umesh Kumar Gupta

    Sir ,we never mind on the length of a video,ur detail explanationsof saves our time jumping to supplement .
    Thanks for such elaborate explanation.

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