The US Constitutional Amendments Explained
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The US Constitutional Amendments Explained


Here in the United States, we have a government,
that government is regulated by the Constitution of the United States, and the Constitution
doesn’t always make everyone happy, so we have these things called amendments that help
us periodically tweak (or amend) our constitution to help keep up with the times, kind of like
software updates. So, what are these amendments? Though the first two amendments are perhaps
the most famous of them all (particularly the second for its controversiality) the US
Constitution actually has 27 amendments. 27! How many guns do you even need? Amendments can be made either by Congress,
and voted on by two-thirds of each house (Senate and Representatives) and 3/4 of the state
legislatures, or the state governments can call for a constitutional convention, although
the latter has never happened. Here are my attempts to explain them all one-by-one,
and dumb them down in the way at least I can personally understand them. The 27 amendments can range in all sorts of
areas, including: The 1st Amendment, established in 1791, which
establishes the rights to freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition. This means that Americans can practice any
religion (or lack thereof), speak their mind, newspapers can talk about whatever, groups
can assemble for protests, and Americans can make petitions for the government. The 2nd Amendment, also in 1791, establishes
the right to bear arms. This amendment has come under heavy fire (pun
partially intended) in recent years, as to the advent of mass shootings, and the NRA. The amendment was established with a “well-regulated
militia” in mind, as America wasn’t the superpower it is today, but a small, scrappy
collection of states that had only recently become a country. The 3rd Amendment establishes that, during
a time of peace, soldiers cannot be quartered in someone’s household, unless consent is
given by the homeowner. So, if the US government wanted to station
some US Army troops in my house (essentially living here), then unless our country is at
war, I have the right to say, “Guys, what the hell are you doing here?! Go find a Motel 6!” The 4th Amendment protects Americans against
unfair and unreasonable searches and seizures of property. This means that, if the police or the government
wanted to search through my stuff and my messages, they will need a warrant, and/or reasonable
cause for suspicion in advance. So, if the police broke into my house to search
through my stuff, and didn’t have a warrant, or a good reason… no, they actually can’t
break into my house like that. Don’t do that. The 5th Amendment is famous for the well-known
phrase, “I plead the Fifth”. This basically establishes the right to remain
silent (i.e. to not say anything that would incriminate yourself). It also establishes that private property
cannot be taken by the government, without just compensation (this is called eminent
domain). The 6th Amendment basically guarantees the
right to a speedy, public trial, overseen by a neutral jury from the state and district
the crime was committed in. This is what would make that one part of Idaho
an interesting place to take your exes and rivals. Well, okay, if you want to murder someone
in Idaho, just do it, who even lives there? Sorry, what were we talking about? The 7th Amendment establishes the right of
trial by jury, which is a cornerstone of the American legal system. This is the reason why Americans are shocked
to hear about how some countries, like Germany, don’t use juries. Oh, also, it makes it so that, once a case
has been seen by a jury, the exact same case cannot be re-seen. The decision is final, for better or for worse. The 8th Amendment protects against excess
bail, fines, or cruel and unusual punishment; basically just a giant “calm your titties”
sign for law enforcement. So, if I accidentally swore in a video, the
authorities decided that they didn’t like that, and if I was fined $9,500, was then
thrown in prison, and forced to eat toothpaste, all the while the Multnomah County Prison
charged $84 million in bail, that would be completely unreasonable. And thankfully, the Eighth agrees with me,
because seriously, who the f**k would even do that? The 9th Amendment is pretty interesting. It’s essentially a safeguard against rights
not specifically listed in the Constitution. If the government, say, tried to invade my
privacy, that wouldn’t be allowed, despite the Right to Privacy not being an official
constitutional right. Just the fact that it obviously should have
been is enough (I’m not a lawyer, though) The 10th Amendment established that the states
have the right to govern themselves, and that the federal government could only do to the
states what the Constitution said it could do. This has allowed for states to legalize things
deemed federally illegal (most famously cannabis, which is not to be confused with KhAnubis). Now, what’s important to realize is that
these first 10 amendments were all actually put into place in 1791, and this is because
these 10 amendments are actually the amendments that make up the US Bill of Rights. So, if you wanted to be all picky about it,
you could say that the US Constitution has only 17 amendments, in addition to the Bill
of Rights. Except, as an American, I’m not going to
go around saying that any time soon. The 11th Amendment, established in 1795, basically
makes it so that one cannot sue a state for something if you don’t live in it. It’s basically a way of saying, “hey,
you don’t live here, this is none of your business!” The 12th Amendment was established in 1804. You know roughly how US Presidential elections
work? Like, with the electoral college, and the
delegates, and the losing the popular vote, and stuff like that? Yeah, no one really does, but that was all
the work of the Twelfth. The 13th Amendment, put into place in 1865,
abolished slavery in the US, in the wake of the Civil War. Keep watch, you might notice a pattern with
the next two. The 14th Amendment. effective 1868, was a big one. It established a lot of things, but by far
the most important was that it established what a US citizen is, i.e. black people are
also citizens. The 15th Amendment, established in 1870, now
allowed men of any race/color to vote. How progressive. The 16th Amendment, made effective in 1913,
was taxing for the US Congress to establish, and now quite taxing on us, as it gave Congress
the power to collect income taxes. The 17th Amendment, also made effective in
1913, established direct, popular voting when voting for people like senators (as opposed
to the electoral college we use to elect our presidents) The 18th Amendment, put into effect in 1919,
made alcohol illegal nationwide. This was the start of the infamous prohibition
era, which banned the manufacturing or importing of alcoholic beverages in the US for the 1920s. That’s right, prohibition wasn’t just
a national law, it was part of our constitution! The 19th Amendment was also established in
1919 (funny how that worked out), and, yeah, you remember how I said that the 15th allowed
all MEN to vote? Yeah, women couldn’t vote until the 19th
was passed. So that took care of that. The 20th Amendment, established in 1933, established
the commencement of presidential terms and succession. This basically moved the inauguration day
from 4.March, when it was warm enough for stage coaches to get to DC, to 20.January,
closer to the start of the year. The 21st Amendment, was actually the amendment
that repealed the 18th amendment, and was also put into place in 1933, and made alcohol
legal in the US again, even though 1933 probably wasn’t the best year to take up drinking. By the way, a useful way to remember which
amendments applied to prohibition is how 18-year old Americans cannot drink alcohol, and have
to wait until they’re 21, despite being legal adults (I’ve heard exchange students
hate this). The 22nd Amendment was put into effect in
1951, not long after FDR served three terms, and died early in his fourth, in 1945, and
it formally limited the terms a US President could serve to two. The reason presidents before FDR limited themselves
to two terms is because that was what George Washington did, when he refused to run for
a third term, but until the 50’s, not running for a third term was merely a formality. Washington and Cleveland could have run for
a third term, but Reagan and Obama could never have done so. Must have sucked for Truman, but oh well (actually,
this really, essentially means that you can only win two US presidential elections, so
Truman might have been fine). The 23rd Amendment established, in 1961, the
right for residents of Washington DC to vote for the President of the United States. This is actually part of the reason why DC
has never voted Republican, since, unlike neighboring Maryland and Virginia (who have
both voted Republican in the past), its streak doesn’t go back to the Colonial Age. Unfortunately, people in DC (and other territories)
do not have a voting representative in Congress, and citizens living in territories cannot
vote in the presidential election, but (confusingly) can vote in the primaries. The 24th Amendment, in 1964, abolished the
poll tax requirement in federal elections, which actually meant that a US citizen could
still vote in elections, even if they didn’t pay any taxes, be they homeless or a billionaire
CEO. The 25th Amendment, filed out in 1967, established
the presidential line of succession, and what to do when the President was either killed,
or still alive, but unable to serve. Considering what happened 4 years earlier,
and what was still happening then, I don’t blame them for wanting to sort a few things
out in advance, instead of making it all up as they go, what with the lingering Communism,
and all that. The 26th Amendment, established by Nixon in
1971, lowered the age to vote from 21 to 18, which now meant that students could vote for
the president. And finally, the 27th Amendment was the most
recent amendment, passed in 1992, and prohibits any law that increases the Congress’ salary
from taking effect until the start of the next set of terms. Yeah, not the most glamorous, but I suppose
that’s what you get when you work somewhere where a pay raise would require the creation
of the 28th Amendment. Thanks for watching! I hope I’ve helped you out with your knowledge
of America, and if you already were an expert on the Constitution, and I got anything wrong,
please let me know, school tests are on the line! But anyways, if you were to establish the
28th Amendment, what would you suggest? As always, be sure to like, share, and subscribe
to learn something new every Sunday.

57 Comments

  • Clareen Gibbons and more

    Thank you! I may be a communist, but (some) amendments actually make sense. Keep it up comrade

  • John I00

    If I could create a 28th amendment I would make large donations from corporations and other sources of money in politics illegal.

  • Portsmouth FC

    Don't Americans bang on about their bloody constitution! The world doesn't care about your antiquated, violent, bigoted holy document.

  • The World Explained

    I have three ideas for a new amendment-
    1- Legalize memes
    2- Make "American" the official language of America
    3- A legal renaming of Canada to "North Mexico"

  • christian devey

    In 1919 the 19th amendment was passed giving women the right to vote the US

    In 1928 the Canadian Supreme Court decided that women are not people

    We Canadians are so progressive and so much better than the Americans

  • KhAnubis

    CORRECTION: The 9th Amendment actually establishes that there is no limit to the amount of rights the Constitution can give.

  • Rusty Shackelford

    You could say there are Eighteen Amendments. The first ten were all voted on as a singular package effectively and are therefore 1 MegAmendment, if you will.

  • Philipp Heller

    Hey +KhAnubis, is there any reason why you're using so much german footage? 🤔 Like the Bundeswehr soldiers here, german websites in other videos etc etc 🤔🤔

  • Ayanna A.waberi

    Hi there,
    All those nonsense amendments (American constitution bills) are not different from the thousands gods Hinduism?

  • Jack Haag

    My 28th amendment would be to repel the 12th amendment and replace the electoral collage with a ranked choise voting system

  • Mac Dietz

    5:10 are you retarded? You did all this work to put together a video like this and you dont even understand why the electoral college exists? Omfg go learn something. Your candidate losing the election game doesnt make the game itself invalid or pointless. You dont vote for president. You vote for your state's electoral votes. We dont live in a democracy. On purpose. Thats not an artifact, its very deliberate.

  • Mouse Potato

    Why are people in America being persecuted for speaking their mind (looks at Facebook and Twitter) if the First Constitution allows this?

  • SAVAGE308SNIPER

    How many guns do you even need? Is that what he asked? If so, as many as I fuckin' want to own. Or did he say "kinds?"

  • Achilles94

    the 10th Amendment tells me a lot…….I live in California all my life, and right now, I ever seen California as bad as it right now….saying California is a bad state is a unde statement. its horrible right now, and the some of the members of the Deomocratic Party. now I dont judge a whole entire party, I always judge the person only. bt the people who has been running california did a really horrible job, I can go details really deep bt it will take a long time, its just we have the most homeless people in the country and our middle class is leaving due they cant fine jobs, bt I think in my own opinion, making this state a sanctuary state, I understand we should help people, I myself work hard and long time to bring people here, and its takes money as well …bt what about own citizens?? the homless, foster kids, and children who are sick and the elderly. California is the most poorest state in the country….like I said I wish I can go to details on it so we can understand better, bt its long. bt im a bad guy or wrong, to put our citizens first? I understand there is people all over the world who are good and honest people. and I want them to come here, bt if we dont help oursleves, our country will fall, the rest of the country would be like California. and if we better our selves, we can be better positons to help others and they will get a better chance to part of this country………I dont know if im being rude or shouldnt think this way…..its just I feel like im the only one who loves this country. and me being a trump supporter doesnt make it easy. I have lost people in my life b/c im a trump supporter. and i think we need to have better security in the South Border and im a racist to hispanics……bt everybody around the world who wants to come here illegally goes through the South Border, I myself came to this country only few months of age as a baby. I came from Portugal and my family came here leaglly and got there papers, and yes im proud where im from bt im more proud to be part of this country. I admire those who gave up there lives in the revolution war to the ware in Afghanistan and Iraq war….they gave up there lives so we can live in this country. I know america has dark hours in her past, and those were very shamful and a national disgrace, bt what most people dont know there is more to some incidents that Tragic. bt no country is perfect and dont become a superbowl about being a nice…bt I stil love this country. its only the home I got. bt sometimes it feels im alone……and I truly believe we should help ourselves first, our brothers and sisters and our children, we have same mother and she is called America…….for example, I wanted to help others, I wanted to make a differences, my passion is to see people happy and haveing a good time, and something Tragic events ever happens, we all in this together….and now look at me……I a huge loser, who is short, face, ugly, bad teeth and the worst part. im slow in the head…and I lost everything b/c I help people out, now I living with my parents, and I just got sick………where are the people I help?? the girl who I was with, who played part of me getting fired, lets just she did a huge mistake and I took the blame and got fired, and leaves me on the same day I got fired…..and Im all alone now….everybody and even like familes members thinks im a loser…..most likely there right, and I dont want america and her children turn up like me….

  • cheryl elkinton

    CORRECTION. The first Amendment describes a rule. It states that Congress shall make no law respecting…religion. If what it states was meant to free up religion, it would have said "with respects to". This theory may also be put toward the rest of the amendment.

  • KnuxMaster 368

    Correction: Truman could have gone for a 3rd term, because he was president before the amendment was passed.

  • NPC 19867

    1:23, mass shooting are not thanks to the second amendment, its thanks to gun free zones, where are you going to shoot if no one kne can retaliate back with there's?, and guns are equalizers, they can take or save lives, and most of the guns that mass shooters have are illegally bought, and the second amendment is also important in another way, it says that a milita or groups of people can attack a tyrannical government.

  • Noobi

    The 12th amendment only seperated the election of president and vize-president. The system that includes stuff like the delegates has already existed before.

  • Jason Taylor

    What law or part in the constitution does it clearly state congress can collect or tax income?……………………….still waiting..

  • Sterben1942

    The point of the second amendment is to allow citizens to fight against tyranny, and less than 1% of Americans are murdered by guns

  • drmnez

    Citizens have to be armed IOT form a militia. Are they going to go up to the government and ask for arms?

    FYI militias are made up of non-government (ie not the military) citizens.

    So, our right to bare arms gives us the right to form militias which are necessary to the security to a free state

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